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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: An organismal perspective on C. intestinalis development, origins and diversification

    Matthew J Kourakis, William C Smith
    The life cycle and morphology of the sea squirt Ciona intestinalis shed light on vertebrate evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mating Behaviour: To mate or not to mate

    Florencia Campetella, Silke Sachse
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampus: Getting the full picture

    Alessandro Luchetti et al.
    A combination of old and new techniques have been used to reveal new details about the behavior of individual neurons across the sleep-wake-cycle.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Human Intelligence: What single neurons can tell us

    Elaine N Miller, Chet C Sherwood
    IQ scores are correlated with the morphology and activity of certain neurons in the human temporal cortex.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Expansion of the fatty acyl reductase gene family shaped pheromone communication in Hymenoptera

    Michal Tupec et al.
    A fatty acyl reductase gene family expansion in the Hymenoptera crown group led to recruitment of novel pheromone-biosynthetic enzymes and is linked to evolution of pheromone marking behavior.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Brain Size: Gene losses did not stop the evolution of big brains

    Cristian Cañestro, Vittoria Roncalli
    Elephants and fruit bats have evolved large brains even though they have lost a gene that is fundamental to the supply of energy to the brain when glucose is not available.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution: Modeling evolutionary transitions in social insects

    Michael Doebeli, Ehab Abouheif
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  1. Point of View: Unbridle biomedical research from the laboratory cage

    Garet P Lahvis
    Recent advances in technology now make it possible to carry out biomedical research on animals living in the wild, or captive animals living in naturalistic conditions.