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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Environment determines evolutionary trajectory in a constrained phenotypic space

    David T Fraebel et al.
    Experimental evolution shows that when selection acts on two traits constrained by a trade-off, the direction of phenotypic evolution depends on the environment.
    1. Ecology

    Cyclic bouts of extreme bradycardia counteract the high metabolism of frugivorous bats

    M Teague O'Mara et al.
    Novel heart rate strategies that minimize energy expenditure during the day are necessary to cope with high energy nocturnal lifestyles of tent-making bats.
    1. Ecology

    Group-specific archaeological signatures of stone tool use in wild macaques

    Lydia V Luncz et al.
    Tool behaviour of long-tailed macaques leaves archaeological signatures that differ between populations despite similar ecological conditions, highlighting the potential for diversity in material culture.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Three-dimensional biofilm colony growth supports a mutualism involving matrix and nutrient sharing

    Heidi A Arjes et al.
    Novel high-throughput co-culture assays reveal how the spatial structure of colony biofilms provides opportunities for nutrient and matrix sharing and may drive the evolution of cooperative behaviors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Rewiring MAP kinases in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to regulate novel targets through ubiquitination

    Benjamin Groves et al.
    Two sets of modular components are sufficient to rewire MAPKs to regulate proteins through ubiquitination – a complementary pair of protein interaction domains and a phosphodegron.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Fruitless mutant male mosquitoes gain attraction to human odor

    Nipun S Basrur et al.
    Engineering male mosquitoes lacking the fruitless gene induces them to be attracted to humans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: The analysis of living systems can generate both knowledge and illusions

    Antony M Jose
    By thinking about experimental techniques in terms of six broad approaches – perturbation, visualization, substitution, characterization, reconstitution, and simulation – researchers may be able to generate more reliable inferences.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Germ layer-specific regulation of cell polarity and adhesion gives insight into the evolution of mesoderm

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra et al.
    The expression of 'bilaterian-mesodermal’ genes changes the epithelial properties of the endomesoderm during the embryogenesis of the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Regulated aggregative multicellularity in a close unicellular relative of metazoa

    Arnau Sebé-Pedrós et al.
    The transition to the aggregative stage of Capsaspora owczarzaki, a close unicellular relative to Metazoa, is associated with significant upregulation of orthologs of genes that are important for multicellularity in metazoans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A quantitative model of conserved macroscopic dynamics predicts future motor commands

    Connor Brennan, Alexander Proekt
    Calcium imaging is used to construct a model of Caenorhabditis elegans nervous system dynamics capable of predicting future behavioral switches on a trial by trial basis and across individual animals.