3,085 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct interactions of eIF4A and eIF4E with RNA helicase Ded1 stimulate translation in vivo

    Suna Gulay et al.
    Interactions of eIF4A and eIF4E with specific amino-acids in the N-terminal domain of DEAD-box helicase Ded1 enhance bulk polysome assembly and translation of reporter mRNAs with structured leaders in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the biophysical properties of neonatal auditory neurons align with synaptic contact position and the intensity coding map of inner hair cells

    Alexander L Markowitz, Radha Kalluri
    The biophysical diversity that is intrinsic to spiral ganglion neurons emerges as spatial gradients during early post-natal development and endures through subsequent maturation to likely contribute to sound intensity coding.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Caenorhabditis elegans PIEZO channel coordinates multiple reproductive tissues to govern ovulation

    Xiaofei Bai et al.
    Depletion of the mechanosensitive ion channel PEZO-1 in C. elegans disrupts the sheath and spermathecae cells to disrupt oocyte ovulation, resulting in crushed oocytes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aberrant sorting of hippocampal complex pyramidal cells in type I lissencephaly alters topological innervation

    James A D'Amour et al.
    The loss of lamination in mammalian brain structures under cellular heterotopia carries with it non-uniform ramifications for the various components of the canonical CA1 microcircuitry.
    1. Cell Biology

    Super-resolution microscopy reveals majorly mono- and dimeric presenilin1/γ-secretase at the cell surface

    Abril Angélica Escamilla-Ayala et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy sets a new strategy to comprehend the membrane organization of γ-secretase at single complex resolution identifying nanodomain associations and its diffusion in situ in the living membrane.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nanobody-directed targeting of optogenetic tools to study signaling in the primary cilium

    Jan N Hansen et al.
    Trafficking of optogenetic tools to primary cilia using nanobodies allows to study cAMP signaling with spatial and temporal resolution independent of the cell body.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transition state and regulation of γ-TuRC-mediated microtubule nucleation revealed by single molecule microscopy

    Akanksha Thawani et al.
    Four αβ-tubulin dimers associate laterally on γ-TuRC to define the rate-limiting transition state for microtubule nucleation.
    1. Cell Biology

    A microscopy-based kinetic analysis of yeast vacuolar protein sorting

    Jason C Casler, Benjamin S Glick
    In yeast, a fluorescent vacuolar cargo departs from Golgi cisternae early in the TGN stage of maturation, and traffic from prevacuolar endosomes to the vacuole apparently involves a kiss-and-run mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglia TREM2R47H Alzheimer-linked variant enhances excitatory transmission and reduces LTP via increased TNF-α levels

    Siqiang Ren et al.
    Analysis of rats carrying the microglia gene and Alzheimer risk factor Trem2R47H variant shows increased glutamatergic transmission via supraphysiological TNF-α brain concentrations, linking a microglia pathogenic variant to neuronal dysfunction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apical length governs computational diversity of layer 5 pyramidal neurons

    Alessandro R Galloni et al.
    Layer 5 pyramidal neurons vary substantially in dendritic excitability between primary and secondary visual cortex, likely due to a counterintuitive amplifying effect of long apical dendrites.

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