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    1. Neuroscience

    Nematophagous fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora mimics olfactory cues of sex and food to lure its nematode prey

    Yen-Ping Hsueh et al.
    Genetic and behavior analyses show that Caenorhabditis nematodes are lured to the predator Arthrobotrys oligospora by olfactory mimicry of food and sex cues.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Linking traits based on their shared molecular mechanisms

    Yael Oren et al.
    Systematic analysis of a broad spectrum of behavioral and physiological traits reveals novel relationships among complex traits, and resolves their underlying combination of genetic loci and molecular mechanisms.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A genomic lifespan program that reorganises the young adult brain is targeted in schizophrenia

    Nathan G Skene et al.
    A genetic program controlling brain genes across the lifespan specifies a calendar of changes in cells, synapses and behavioural genes thereby timing the onset of mental illnesses which arise in young adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular basis of fatty acid taste in Drosophila

    Ji-Eun Ahn et al.
    Molecular-genetic, neural imaging and behavioral analyses reveal how Drosophila melanogaster sense fatty acids, important nutrient compounds, through multimeric Ionoptropic Receptors complexes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct combinations of variant ionotropic glutamate receptors mediate thermosensation and hygrosensation in Drosophila

    Zachary A Knecht et al.
    A combination of genetics, behavior and physiology demonstrate that cool and moisture sensing rely on overlapping combinations of sensory receptors in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebral mGluR5 availability contributes to elevated sleep need and behavioral adjustment after sleep deprivation

    Sebastian C Holst et al.
    Multi-modal imaging, genetic and behavioral findings in humans and mice revealed that metabotropic glutamate receptors of subtype 5 contribute to the molecular machinery keeping track of sleep need and coping with physiological and behavioral consequences of sleep loss, pointing to novel targets for improved wakefulness and sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition of oxidative stress in cholinergic projection neurons fully rescues aging-associated olfactory circuit degeneration in Drosophila

    Ashiq Hussain et al.
    Drosophila genetics and behavior reveal that oxidative stress induced axonal degeneration in a single class of neurons drives the functional decline of an entire neural network and the behavior it controls.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward signal in a recurrent circuit drives appetitive long-term memory formation

    Toshiharu Ichinose et al.
    A recurrent reward circuit in Drosophila, comprised of specific dopamine neurons and a single class of mushroom body output neurons, transforms a nascent memory trace into a stable long-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    A genetic link between discriminative fear coding by the lateral amygdala, dopamine, and fear generalization

    Graham L Jones et al.
    Discrimination of predictive and non-predictive fear stimuli requires plasticity in the lateral amygdala that is regulated by midbrain dopamine neurons.
  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.