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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA structures that resist degradation by Xrn1 produce a pathogenic Dengue virus RNA

    Erich G Chapman et al.
    The Dengue virus contains discretely folded RNA structures that confer the ability to resist a powerful host cell enzyme and produce a disease-inducing noncoding RNA.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial autolysins trim cell surface peptidoglycan to prevent detection by the Drosophila innate immune system

    Magda Luciana Atilano et al.
    To avoid recognition by the immune system, bacteria use autolysins to trim fragments of peptidoglycans that are exposed on the bacterial cell wall.
  1. March 2014

    Episode 10: March 2014

    In this episode we hear about the mating habits of flies, radiation resistance in bacteria, how insects learned to smell, and the Hawaiian bobtail squid.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cells translate individual, quantal activation into collective, analog cytokine responses via time-integrated feedbacks

    Karen E Tkach et al.
    Experiment-driven quantitative model of IL-2 secretion demonstrates how T cells integrate their digital antigen responses into an analog-scaled output.
  2. May 2014

    Episode 12: May 2014

    In this episode we hear about the neuroscience of chewing, skin cancer, African sleeping sickness, an ancient protein complex, and our editor-in-chief shares his thoughts on scientific publishing.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell activation involves nanoscale receptor reorganizations and inside-out signaling by Syk

    Kathrin Kläsener et al.
    Studying the earliest events in B cell activation reveals that the B cell antigen receptor is opened and activated via the phosphorylation and binding by the spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk).
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    miR-142 orchestrates a network of actin cytoskeleton regulators during megakaryopoiesis

    Elik Chapnik et al.
    miR-142 is instrumental for actin homeostasis, and its loss disrupts the cytoskeleton organization and thrombopoiesis of megakaryocytes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Oxidation of cellular amino acid pools leads to cytotoxic mistranslation of the genetic code

    Tammy J Bullwinkle et al.
    Translation quality control protects the cell from environmental stresses that could potentially lead to the toxic accumulation of non-proteinogenic amino acids in the proteome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Induction of homologous recombination between sequence repeats by the activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) protein

    Jean-Marie Buerstedde et al.
    Intra- and intergenic deletions by repeat recombination broaden the mutagenic potential of the activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) protein.
  3. Research: Financial costs and personal consequences of research misconduct resulting in retracted publications

    Andrew M Stern et al.
    In the first study attempting to formally quantify the deleterious impact of research misconduct on funding sources and publication output, we found that misconduct accounts for a small but substantial portion of American biomedical science funding dollars and damages the productivity and rate of funding acquisition of those who commit misconduct.