302 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer systems immunology

    Nathan E Reticker-Flynn, Edgar G Engleman
    Cancer systems immunology is a highly interdisciplinary field that is advancing our ability to understand and predict the complex behavior that orchestrates the interplay between tumors and the immune system.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies

    Christopher D Pull et al.
    Upon detecting a fatal infection using chemical cues, ants puncture the cuticle of sick brood and inject antimicrobial poison that disrupts the pathogen's life cycle and prevents it from reproducing, thus protecting the colony from disease.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of several thousand highly diverse circular DNA viruses

    Michael J Tisza et al.
    A bioinformatics pipeline has annotated over 2,500 complete genomes of circular DNA viruses belonging to dozens of established and emerging viral families.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Transient inhibition of the ERK pathway prevents cerebellar developmental defects and improves long-term motor functions in murine models of neurofibromatosis type 1

    Edward Kim et al.
    Nf1 is required during early, but not late, cerebellar development to facilitate neuronal lamination, providing a potential therapeutic prevention strategy for NF1-associated developmental abnormalities.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Intermittent Ca2+ signals mediated by Orai1 regulate basal T cell motility

    Tobias X Dong et al.
    Orai1 channels activate intermittently in motile T cells, generating calcium transients, detected by a novel genetically encoded indicator and inducing pauses that favor antigen scanning.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T-cell calcium dynamics visualized in a ratiometric tdTomato-GCaMP6f transgenic reporter mouse

    Tobias X Dong et al.
    Salsa6f is a novel, ratiometric genetically encoded Ca2+ indicator that combines the power of ratiometric chemical Ca2+ indicators with the ability, when expressed transgenically, to image cellular Ca2+ signals amid complex tissue environments in vivo.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A computational interactome and functional annotation for the human proteome

    José Ignacio Garzón et al.
    A machine-learning approach is used to predict 1.35 million interactions for 85% of the human proteome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Oxidation of cellular amino acid pools leads to cytotoxic mistranslation of the genetic code

    Tammy J Bullwinkle et al.
    Translation quality control protects the cell from environmental stresses that could potentially lead to the toxic accumulation of non-proteinogenic amino acids in the proteome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Long-term intravital imaging of the multicolor-coded tumor microenvironment during combination immunotherapy

    Shuhong Qi et al.
    Tregs form an "immunosuppressive ring" around solid tumors that is broken down during adoptive cell therapy and cyclophosphamide combination immunotherapy.

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