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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Medicine

    Intrinsic excitation-inhibition imbalance affects medial prefrontal cortex differently in autistic men versus women

    Stavros Trakoshis et al.
    Excitation-inhibition imbalance affects medial prefrontal cortex differently in autistic males versus females.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amplitude modulations of cortical sensory responses in pulsatile evidence accumulation

    Sue Ann Koay et al.
    From as early as primary visual cortex and across posterior cortical areas, neural responses to visual pulses during an evidence-accumulation task exhibit a multitude of task-related amplitude modulations/gain changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ten simple rules for the computational modeling of behavioral data

    Robert C Wilson, Anne GE Collins
    Computational modeling of cognitive and neuroscience data is an insightful and powerful tool, but has many potential pitfalls that can be avoided by following simple guidelines.
    1. Neuroscience

    Forced choices reveal a trade-off between cognitive effort and physical pain

    Todd A Vogel et al.
    Cognitive effort is aversive and people will accept physical pain to avoid it, but this avoidance does not appear to share the same fundamental characteristics of pain avoidance.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamics of nevus development implicate cell cooperation in the growth arrest of transformed melanocytes

    Rolando Ruiz-Vega et al.
    Spontaneous growth arrest of transformed melanocytes (resulting in benign “moles”) does not result from cell-autonomous oncogene-induced senescence, but can be explained by collective mechanisms used in normal tissue size control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paranoia as a deficit in non-social belief updating

    Erin J Reed et al.
    Paranoia is underwritten by variation in prior beliefs about how the world will change and how to learn from those changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    A suppression hierarchy among competing motor programs drives sequential grooming in Drosophila

    Andrew M Seeds et al.
    Gaining genetic control over neural modules that drive the grooming of each Drosophila body part reveals how mechanisms for selecting among competing behavioral choices are used to generate sequences of actions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    From single neurons to behavior in the jellyfish Aurelia aurita

    Fabian Pallasdies et al.
    A multiscale computational nerve net model describes how the activity of individual neurons controls the swimming motion of a jellyfish in its hydrodynamic environment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Statistical context dictates the relationship between feedback-related EEG signals and learning

    Matthew R Nassar et al.
    The P300, an electroencephalography (EEG) component known to be evoked by surprising events, predicts learning in a bidirectional manner that depends critically on the surrounding statistical context.