3,153 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Species-specific modulation of food-search behavior by respiration and chemosensation in Drosophila larvae

    Daeyeon Kim et al.
    In naturalistic conditions, larvae of the Drosophila group exhibit species-specific strategies to search for food resources through a primitive form of risk-taking behavior that is controlled by a tradeoff between exploitation and odor-driven exploration.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Changes to social feeding behaviors are not sufficient for fitness gains of the Caenorhabditis elegans N2 reference strain

    Yuehui Zhao et al.
    Use of experimental manipulation demonstrates that social/solitary feeding behaviors are unrelated to the fitness gains conferred by causative alleles in two previously identified genes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Physiological constraint on acrobatic courtship behavior underlies rapid sympatric speciation in bearded manakins

    Meredith C Miles et al.
    Skeletal muscle performance sets the course of rapid speciation by defining the evolutionary trajectory of reproductive behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comprehensive machine learning analysis of Hydra behavior reveals a stable basal behavioral repertoire

    Shuting Han et al.
    A novel automated behavior analysis method for Hydra identifies pre-defined and new behavior types, and reveals a stable behavior repertoire.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor control of Drosophila feeding behavior

    Olivia Schwarz et al.
    The neuroanatomical and functional analysis of genetically-identified motoneurons controlling all major steps of Drosophila proboscis extension provides new insights into the architecture of a motor circuitry controlling a reaching-like behavior.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Homeodomain protein Otp affects developmental neuropeptide switching in oxytocin neurons associated with a long-term effect on social behavior

    Einav Wircer et al.
    Experiments in zebrafish reveal a new role for a critical hypothalamic transcription factor, orthopedia, in controlling developmental neuropeptide balance in a discrete oxytocin-producing neuronal circuit whose disrupted development affects social behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Resolving coiled shapes reveals new reorientation behaviors in C. elegans

    Onno D Broekmans et al.
    A conceptually simple algorithm can analyze previously uncharacterized 2D coiled postures of the nematode C. elegans and has uncovered new reorientation behaviors in large amplitude turns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

    Mar Gacias et al.
    Gut microbiota can influence mPFC transcriptional profiles and myelin content, overriding the impact of genetic background in the development of social avoidance behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated action of pheromone signals in promoting courtship behavior in male mice

    Sachiko Haga-Yamanaka et al.
    Identification of two classes of mouse vomeronasal receptors for female pheromone cues suggests distinct gating mechanisms in pheromone-triggered reproductive behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nociceptive interneurons control modular motor pathways to promote escape behavior in Drosophila

    Anita Burgos et al.
    A class of interneuron is identified that promotes escape behavior downstream of nociceptor inputs via connections to nociceptive integrator and premotor networks.

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