2,464 results found
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Homeodomain protein Otp affects developmental neuropeptide switching in oxytocin neurons associated with a long-term effect on social behavior

    Einav Wircer et al.
    Experiments in zebrafish reveal a new role for a critical hypothalamic transcription factor, orthopedia, in controlling developmental neuropeptide balance in a discrete oxytocin-producing neuronal circuit whose disrupted development affects social behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor control of Drosophila feeding behavior

    Olivia Schwarz et al.
    The neuroanatomical and functional analysis of genetically-identified motoneurons controlling all major steps of Drosophila proboscis extension provides new insights into the architecture of a motor circuitry controlling a reaching-like behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Resolving coiled shapes reveals new reorientation behaviors in C. elegans

    Onno D Broekmans et al.
    A conceptually simple algorithm can analyze previously uncharacterized 2D coiled postures of the nematode C. elegans and has uncovered new reorientation behaviors in large amplitude turns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

    Mar Gacias et al.
    Gut microbiota can influence mPFC transcriptional profiles and myelin content, overriding the impact of genetic background in the development of social avoidance behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated action of pheromone signals in promoting courtship behavior in male mice

    Sachiko Haga-Yamanaka et al.
    Identification of two classes of mouse vomeronasal receptors for female pheromone cues suggests distinct gating mechanisms in pheromone-triggered reproductive behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Species-specific modulation of food-search behavior by respiration and chemosensation in Drosophila larvae

    Daeyeon Kim et al.
    In naturalistic conditions, larvae of the Drosophila group exhibit species-specific strategies to search for food resources through a primitive form of risk-taking behavior that is controlled by a tradeoff between exploitation and odor-driven exploration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sexually dimorphic control of gene expression in sensory neurons regulates decision-making behavior in C. elegans

    Zoë A Hilbert, Dennis H Kim
    A sexually dimorphic transcriptional switch in sensory neurons integrates information about microbial environment and nutritional state to regulate exploratory behavior in C. elegans..
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct memory engrams in the infralimbic cortex of rats control opposing environmental actions on a learned behavior

    Nobuyoshi Suto et al.
    Current findings help reconcile the contradictory reports regarding the role of infralimbic cortex in the environmental control of appetitive behavior.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolved differences in larval social behavior mediated by novel pheromones

    Joshua D Mast et al.
    A novel pheromone/receptor neuron pair mediates attraction between Drosophila larvae, and evolved differences in pheromone signaling underlie changes in social behavior between drosophilid species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity of the C. elegans egg-laying behavior circuit is controlled by competing activation and feedback inhibition

    Kevin M Collins et al.
    The neural circuit that regulates egg-laying behavior in nematode worms is activated by egg production, coupled to the circuit that generates movement, and inhibited by sensory feedback from egg release.

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