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    1. Neuroscience

    Orbital frontal cortex updates state-induced value change for decision-making

    Emily T Baltz et al.
    Orbital frontal cortex projection neuron activity is necessary to update state-dependent value change to control model-based behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Primate amygdala neurons evaluate the progress of self-defined economic choice sequences

    Fabian Grabenhorst et al.
    Neurons in the amygdala, a brain system usually associated with emotion, track progress during sequential reward-directed choices according to an internal plan in Rhesus macaques.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    A case study for a psychographic-behavioral segmentation approach for targeted demand generation in voluntary medical male circumcision

    Sema K Sgaier et al.
    A novel, hybrid segmentation technique reveals human heterogeneity in barriers towards a behavior, and is applied to characterize distinct segments in voluntary medical male circumcision.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian model of context-sensitive value attribution

    Francesco Rigoli et al.
    The dependence of incentive value attribution on the anticipation of rewards within a given context is explained via a normative Bayesian account of how rewards map to incentive values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms of economic choices in mice

    Masaru Kuwabara et al.
    Inactivation of the lateral orbital area disrupts economic choice behavior and neurons in this area encode the value of offered and chosen options.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple mechanisms link prestimulus neural oscillations to sensory responses

    Luca Iemi et al.
    Neural oscillations prior to a stimulus modulate the strength of early and late responses in opposite directions via distinct mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decreased brain connectivity in smoking contrasts with increased connectivity in drinking

    Wei Cheng et al.
    The findings have a major impact in understanding the different reward systems involved in two types of addictive behavior, and these advances have implications for prevention and treatment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Forced choices reveal a trade-off between cognitive effort and physical pain

    Todd A Vogel et al.
    Cognitive effort is aversive and people will accept physical pain to avoid it, but this avoidance does not appear to share the same fundamental characteristics of pain avoidance.
  1. Research: Financial costs and personal consequences of research misconduct resulting in retracted publications

    Andrew M Stern et al.
    In the first study attempting to formally quantify the deleterious impact of research misconduct on funding sources and publication output, we found that misconduct accounts for a small but substantial portion of American biomedical science funding dollars and damages the productivity and rate of funding acquisition of those who commit misconduct.
    1. Neuroscience

    The modulation of savouring by prediction error and its effects on choice

    Kiyohito Iigaya et al.
    The anticipation of rewards turns out to have its own hedonic value, on top of that of the reward itself; a wide range of behavioral and neurophysiological data suggest that this anticipation is boosted by prediction errors.