1,289 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Abundant toxin-related genes in the genomes of beneficial symbionts from deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussels

    Lizbeth Sayavedra et al.
    Beneficial symbiotic bacteria encode an exceptional number of toxin-related genes that are all expressed by the symbionts in the host, supporting their key role in host-microbe interactions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of adhesiveness as a social adaptation

    Thomas Garcia et al.
    Mathematical modeling supports a scenario where cell-cell adhesion gradually evolves through natural selection, leading to the emergence of cohesive aggregates in microbial populations.
    1. Ecology

    Rapid spread of a densovirus in a major crop pest following wide-scale adoption of Bt-cotton in China

    Yutao Xiao et al.
    Exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) selects for beneficial interactions between the target insect pest (Helicoverpa armigera) and its symbiotic densovirus that enhances its performance on Bt-crops under field conditions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Spatio-temporal control of mutualism in legumes helps spread symbiotic nitrogen fixation

    Benoit Daubech et al.
    Experiments and mathematical modelling show that rare nitrogen fixing symbionts invade a population dominated by non-fixing bacteria across plant generations, above a threshold of a combination of ecological factors.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Formicine ants swallow their highly acidic poison for gut microbial selection and control

    Simon Tragust et al.
    Poison acidified crops sanitize food and limit disease transmission while at the same time structuring the gut microbiota and thus contribute to the ecological and evolutionary success of formicine ants.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Global epistasis emerges from a generic model of a complex trait

    Gautam Reddy, Michael M Desai
    Predictable patterns of fitness evolution observed in microbial evolution experiments can emerge generically as a consequence of widespread epistatic interactions between mutations.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metabolite exchange between microbiome members produces compounds that influence Drosophila behavior

    Caleb N Fischer et al.
    Interactions between fungal and bacterial microbiome members alter Drosophila melanogaster's chemical environment, affecting host behavior and survival.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Self-sperm induce resistance to the detrimental effects of sexual encounters with males in hermaphroditic nematodes

    Lauren N Booth et al.
    Nematode hermaphroditism has co-evolved with a self-sperm sensing mechanism that protects hermaphrodites from the detrimental effects of mating with males.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Blumenols as shoot markers of root symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

    Ming Wang et al.
    Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi-induced hydroxy- and carboxyblumenol C glycosides accumulate in plant shoots and allow for facile high-throughput screening for functional plant-AMF associations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Individuals physically interacting in a group rapidly coordinate their movement by estimating the collective goal

    Atsushi Takagi et al.
    A computational model of collective physical interaction reveals that individuals infer the collective's movement goal in order to enhance the group's overall performance and coordinate with several partners in seconds.

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