2,360 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin: Folding mutations suppress early beta-cell proliferation

    Honey Modi, James D Johnson
    Exploring how proliferation and maturation of beta-cells can be impaired after birth will shed light on the origins of various forms of diabetes.
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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin mutations impair beta-cell development in a patient-derived iPSC model of neonatal diabetes

    Diego Balboa et al.
    Mutations causing proinsulin misfolding trigger unfolded protein response and lead to impaired proliferation and reduced mTORC1 signalling of developing beta-cells in a patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell disease model.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Single-cell transcriptome reveals the novel role of T-bet in suppressing the immature NK gene signature

    Chao Yang et al.
    T-bet suppresses the expression of immature NK cell-defining genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Beta band oscillations in motor cortex reflect neural population signals that delay movement onset

    Preeya Khanna, Jose M Carmena
    Using a sequential neurofeedback-arm reaching task, a new link is established among population neural activity patterns, generation of beta oscillations, and motor behavior changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The rate of transient beta frequency events predicts behavior across tasks and species

    Hyeyoung Shin et al.
    Across species, tasks and recording modalities, the rate of transient neocortical beta frequency (15-29Hz) events strongly predicts perceptual ability, providing fundamental mechanistic insight, with implications for tracking and manipulating brain dynamics.
    1. Ecology

    Meta-analysis challenges a textbook example of status signalling and demonstrates publication bias

    Alfredo Sánchez-Tójar et al.
    Meta-analysis takes down a textbook example in behavioural and evolutionary ecology, and demonstrates the existence of biases in the current scientific publishing culture.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations in the amplitude and burst rate of beta oscillations impair reward-dependent motor learning in anxiety

    Sebastian Sporn et al.
    State anxiety alters the dynamics of beta oscillations during reward-dependent motor learning, thereby impairing proper updating of motor predictions when learning in unstable environments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory cortical alpha/beta desynchronization prioritizes the representation of memory items during a retention period

    Nathan Weisz et al.
    Top-down mediated decreases of beta activity in auditory cortex prior to a predictable distractor in an auditory working memory task is associated with increased representation of to-be-memorized information.
    1. Cell Biology

    Age-related islet inflammation marks the proliferative decline of pancreatic beta-cells in zebrafish

    Sharan Janjuha et al.
    During aging, the pancreatic endocrine islets undergo chronic inflammation, which is associated with a reduced capacity for self-renewal of the insulin-producing beta-cells in zebrafish.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved bacterial protein induces pancreatic beta cell expansion during zebrafish development

    Jennifer Hampton Hill et al.
    A previously undescribed protein produced by certain resident intestinal bacteria induces zebrafish pancreatic beta cell expansion.

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