1,807 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin: Folding mutations suppress early beta-cell proliferation

    Honey Modi, James D Johnson
    Exploring how proliferation and maturation of beta-cells can be impaired after birth will shed light on the origins of various forms of diabetes.
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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin mutations impair beta-cell development in a patient-derived iPSC model of neonatal diabetes

    Diego Balboa et al.
    Mutations causing proinsulin misfolding trigger unfolded protein response and lead to impaired proliferation and reduced mTORC1 signalling of developing beta-cells in a patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell disease model.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved bacterial protein induces pancreatic beta cell expansion during zebrafish development

    Jennifer Hampton Hill et al.
    A previously undescribed protein produced by certain resident intestinal bacteria induces zebrafish pancreatic beta cell expansion.
    1. Cell Biology

    Age-related islet inflammation marks the proliferative decline of pancreatic beta-cells in zebrafish

    Sharan Janjuha et al.
    During aging, the pancreatic endocrine islets undergo chronic inflammation, which is associated with a reduced capacity for self-renewal of the insulin-producing beta-cells in zebrafish.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The transforming growth factor beta signaling pathway is critical for the formation of CD4 T follicular helper cells and isotype-switched antibody responses in the lung mucosa

    Heather D Marshall et al.
    Differentiation of CD4 T cells into CD4 T follicular helper cells during viral infection in mice is promoted by tumor growth factor beta.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiota: From bugs to beta cells

    Yuxi Zhang, Daniel Hesselson
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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tumor suppression in basal keratinocytes via dual non-cell-autonomous functions of a Na,K-ATPase beta subunit

    Julia Hatzold et al.
    A Na,K-ATPase beta subunit can suppress basal cell carcinogenesis either via its osmoregulatory function to avoid hypotonic stress, or by promoting epithelial polarity and adhesiveness of basal keratinocytes from the overlying outer layer.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Inhibition of mTORC1 by ER stress impairs neonatal β-cell expansion and predisposes to diabetes in the Akita mouse

    Yael Riahi et al.
    mTORC1 inhibition by perinatal ER stress induces beta-cell growth arrest with subsequent development of diabetes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Genetic evidence that Nkx2.2 acts primarily downstream of Neurog3 in pancreatic endocrine lineage development

    Angela J Churchill et al.
    The regulation of beta cell induction requires combined hierarchical and combinatorial transcriptional networks.

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