449 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Circadian regulation of vertebrate cone photoreceptor function

    Jingjing Zang et al.
    Circadian expression of cone visual transduction genes and corresponding proteins correlates with circadian changes in photoresponse kinetics and visual behavior, linking circadian gene expression with physiological and behavioral rhythmicity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Y chromosome functions in mammalian spermatogenesis

    Jeremie Subrini, James Turner
    The mammalian Y chromosome has become specialised for male fertility, but exact functions of individual Y genes remain poorly understood, a knowledge gap that new approaches can bridge.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult stem cell-derived complete lung organoid models emulate lung disease in COVID-19

    Courtney Tindle et al.
    An integrated stem cell-based disease modeling and computational approach demonstrates how proximal airway epithelium is critical for SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and distal alveolar cells are critical for simulating the host responses.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of pathogen tolerance and emerging infections: A missing experimental paradigm

    Srijan Seal et al.
    An integrated empirical paradigm tracing immune strategies, underlying mechanisms and infection outcomes across reservoir host-pathogen systems, their specific ecological contexts, life-history features, and coevolutionary dynamics can reveal the actual patterns and processes underlying spillover in the wild.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dual expression of Atoh1 and Ikzf2 promotes transformation of adult cochlear supporting cells into outer hair cells

    Suhong Sun et al.
    Adult cochlear supporting cells (SCs) are plastic and respond to ectopic Ikzf2 and Atoh1, and hair cell damage by up-regulating HC and down-regulating their endogenous SC genes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Large-scale phenotypic drug screen identifies neuroprotectants in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Liyun Zhang et al.
    Using a cross-species phenotypic drug discovery pipeline, compounds promoting rod photoreceptor survival in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa were identified, evidence of additive effects of paired compounds and inhibition of PARP-dependent cell death suggest novel therapeutic strategies.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A precisely adjustable, variation-suppressed eukaryotic transcriptional controller to enable genetic discovery

    Asli Azizoglu et al.
    A new gene expression tool enables precise control of protein dosage over a large range and paves the way for new genetic discoveries.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    LIN37-DREAM prevents DNA end resection and homologous recombination at DNA double-strand breaks in quiescent cells

    Bo-Ruei Chen et al.
    The LIN37-DREAM complex has a critical role in regulating DNA double-strand break end processing and suppressing aberrant homology-directed repair in quiescent cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Concerted conformational dynamics and water movements in the ghrelin G protein-coupled receptor

    Maxime Louet et al.
    A combination of state-of-the-art biochemical, biophysical, and computational methods revealed that water molecules play a central role in signal propagation through G protein-coupled receptors.
    1. Cell Biology

    Selective dephosphorylation by PP2A-B55 directs the meiosis I-meiosis II transition in oocytes

    S Zachary Swartz et al.
    Time-course phosphoproteomics reveals that selective dephosphorylation is critical for directing the MI/MII transition and that, through its inherent phospho-threonine preference, PP2A-B55 imposes specific phosphoregulated behaviors that distinguish the two meiotic divisions.

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