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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Perturbation biology nominates upstream–downstream drug combinations in RAF inhibitor resistant melanoma cells

    Anil Korkut et al.
    Data-driven systems biology models of signaling predict cellular response to untested perturbations and can nominate drug combinations to overcome drug resistance in cancer cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatiotemporal control of mitotic exit during anaphase by an aurora B-Cdk1 crosstalk

    Olga Afonso et al.
    Quantitative live-cell microscopy and molecular perturbations in Drosophila and human cells reveal a crosstalk between molecular 'rulers' (Aurora B) and 'clocks' (Cdk1) that coordinates mitotic exit in space and time.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Inhibiting the integrated stress response pathway prevents aberrant chondrocyte differentiation thereby alleviating chondrodysplasia

    Cheng Wang et al.
    Integrated stress response-induced expression of ATF4 and its transactivation of SOX9 causes aberrant chondrocyte differentiation and skeletal defects which can be alleviated by modulating initiation-factor eIF2α phosphorylation translation control.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endothelial cell-derived CD95 ligand serves as a chemokine in induction of neutrophil slow rolling and adhesion

    Liang Gao et al.
    The cell surface protein CD95 mediates neutrophil slow rolling and adhesion during inflammation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Eye morphogenesis driven by epithelial flow into the optic cup facilitated by modulation of bone morphogenetic protein

    Stephan Heermann et al.
    The lens-averted domains of the optic vesicle are reservoirs of neuroretinal cells that flow into the developing optic cup in a process that is critically influenced by BMP signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The orphan receptor GPR88 blunts the signaling of opioid receptors and multiple striatal GPCRs

    Thibaut Laboute et al.
    GPR88 inhibits G-protein signaling of nearby GPCRs, and dampens b-arrestin recruitment by all GPCRs tested, likely by sequestration in intracellular compartments.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: Characterizing causality in cancer

    Elena Rondeau et al.
    Ideas about causality from philosophy can help scientists to better understand how cancerous tumors grow and spread in the body.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Killifish illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Nothobranchius furzeri, an 'instant' fish from an ephemeral habitat

    Martin Reichard, Matej Polačik
    The turquoise killifish from ephemeral pools in African savannah combines extremely short lifespan with a standard vertebrate body plan – ideal attributes for a laboratory animal.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Convergent organization of aberrant MYB complex controls oncogenic gene expression in acute myeloid leukemia

    Sumiko Takao et al.
    Definition of leukemia gene expression mechanisms reveals general principles of cancer gene control and offers a pharmacologic strategy for its therapeutic reprogramming.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Remodeling of whole-body lipid metabolism and a diabetic-like phenotype caused by loss of CDK1 and hepatocyte division

    Jin Rong Ow et al.
    Loss of hepatic Cdk1 leads to oxidative stress, increased fatty acids in blood, and hyperinsulinemia, which resulted in insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, similar as in diabetes.