6,737 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In vivo imaging of retrovirus infection reveals a role for Siglec-1/CD169 in multiple routes of transmission

    Kelsey A Haugh et al.
    Retroviruses exploit the lectin, Siglec-1/CD169, expressed on sentinel macrophages to promote infection during multiple routes of transmission.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    E2F/Dp inactivation in fat body cells triggers systemic metabolic changes

    Maria Paula Zappia et al.
    The E2F/Dp transcription factors, which are key cell cycle regulators, can also mediate the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism in larva by controlling both systemic trehalose homeostasis and fat storage.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of the caspase-activated protein XKR9 involved in apoptotic lipid scrambling

    Monique S Straub et al.
    The cryo-EM structures of XKR9 define the architecture and caspase-mediated activation of a protein family that is involved in the exposure of phosphatidylserine during apoptosis leading to the engulfment of apoptotic cells by macrophages.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CTP promotes efficient ParB-dependent DNA condensation by facilitating one-dimensional diffusion from parS

    Francisco de Asis Balaguer et al.
    Single-molecule methods reveal that cytidine triphosphate promotes DNA condensation specifically at bacterial centromeres by facilitating one-dimensional diffusion of ParB from parS sites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Information flow, cell types and stereotypy in a full olfactory connectome

    Philipp Schlegel et al.
    Synaptic resolution analysis of a full olfactory connectome reveals lateralised circuits, convergence of innate and learned pathways, and shows that homologous neurons are highly stereotyped within and across brains.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    The structural connectome constrains fast brain dynamics

    Pierpaolo Sorrentino et al.
    The fast spreading of neural activity across the brain has a complex structure, imposed by the white-matter bundles.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The neuronal calcium sensor Synaptotagmin-1 and SNARE proteins cooperate to dilate fusion pores

    Zhenyong Wu et al.
    During neurotransmitter release, calcium-induced membrane insertion of the C2B domain of Synaptotagmin re-orients the bound SNARE complex which dilates the fusion pore in a mechanical lever action.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mice in a labyrinth show rapid learning, sudden insight, and efficient exploration

    Matthew Rosenberg et al.
    Mice exploring a labyrinth freely for the first time learn a complex action sequence after a handful of rewards, exhibiting a learning rate 1000-fold higher than in commonly-used paradigms.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Pioneer neutrophils release chromatin within in vivo swarms

    Hannah M Isles et al.
    Neutrophil swarms form around a single endogenous pioneer neutrophil in vivo, mediated by DNA release from pioneer neutrophils.
    1. Plant Biology

    Two NLR immune receptors acquired high-affinity binding to a fungal effector through convergent evolution of their integrated domain

    Aleksandra Białas et al.
    The HMA domains of Pikp-1 and Pikm-1 NLR receptors have convergently evolved to bind AVR-PikD with high affinity through distinct evolutionary and biochemical paths.

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