16 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    How oscillating aerodynamic forces explain the timbre of the hummingbird’s hum and other animals in flapping flight

    Ben J Hightower et al.
    A first-principles acoustics model reveals how the acoustic spectrum generated by flapping wings originates from oscillating aerodynamic forces, and is validated by in vivo aerodynamic force measurements and acoustic holography.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Bioacoustics: Characterizing the hum of hovering animals

    Robert Niese
    The sounds of flying animals, such as the hum of a hummingbird as it hovers, are influenced by the unique forces generated by the flapping of their wings.
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    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Place recognition using batlike sonar

    Dieter Vanderelst et al.
    Echolocating bats may recognize locations in the environment (and navigate to them) by remembering the specific echo signature of those locations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Female mice ultrasonically interact with males during courtship displays

    Joshua P Neunuebel et al.
    A microphone array enables the vocal contribution of each socially interacting individual to be quantified, and reveals that vocalizations are exchanged between the sexes during mouse courtship.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of ultrasonic vocalizations from mice using computer vision and machine learning

    Antonio HO Fonseca et al.
    An open-source tool based on computational vision and machine learning shows high accuracy and sensitivity in the analysis of ultrasonic vocalizations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The synaptic ribbon is critical for sound encoding at high rates and with temporal precision

    Philippe Jean et al.
    The synaptic ribbon regulates calcium channel clustering and proper vesicle dynamics at cochlear inner hair cells to ensure precise sound encoding.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Tree crickets optimize the acoustics of baffles to exaggerate their mate-attraction signal

    Natasha Mhatre et al.
    Tree crickets can optimize the baffles they make to increase call loudness without any progressive optimization, and manufacture an optimal baffle in a single attempt, by using a simple yet highly accurate heuristic.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    KDM5A mutations identified in autism spectrum disorder using forward genetics

    Lauretta El Hayek et al.
    Successful autism spectrum disorder gene discovery using forward genetics identifies KDM5A, which encodes a histone H3 lysine 4 demethylase, as a disease gene.
    1. Ecology

    The return to water in ancestral Xenopus was accompanied by a novel mechanism for producing and shaping vocal signals

    Ursula Kwong-Brown et al.
    When ancestral Xenopus returned to water ~170mya, they evolved a new method for producing courtship calls underwater without airflow, using vibrations that also preserve essential acoustic information on species identity.

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