488 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Biochemical reconstitution of branching microtubule nucleation

    Raymundo Alfaro-Aco et al.
    The protein TPX2 and the protein complex augmin together recruit the microtubule nucleator γ-TuRC to a pre-existing microtubule where they initiate branching microtubule nucleation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Astrin-SKAP complex reconstitution reveals its kinetochore interaction with microtubule-bound Ndc80

    David M Kern et al.
    Biochemical and cell biological analyses reveal that the Astrin-SKAP complex acts to stabilize kinetochore-microtubule interactions through its intrinsic microtubule binding activity and its association with the Ndc80 complex, the core component of the kinetochore-microtubule interface.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism for direct actin force-sensing by α-catenin

    Lin Mei et al.
    Biophysical and structural studies reveal how low piconewton forces across actin enhance binding by the critical cell-cell adhesion protein α-catenin versus its force insensitive homolog vinculin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Discovery of a molecular glue promoting CDK12-DDB1 interaction to trigger cyclin K degradation

    Lu Lv et al.
    High-throughput phenotypic screening followed by unbiased target identification reveals a new molecular glue HQ461 that induces CDK12-DDB1 interaction to promote degradation of Cyclin K via the ubiquitin proteasome system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A composition-dependent molecular clutch between T cell signaling condensates and actin

    Jonathon A Ditlev et al.
    Compositional changes alter actin binding by phase separated T cell signaling clusters, enabling cluster movement by distinct actin networks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mechanism of cargo-directed Atg8 conjugation during selective autophagy

    Dorotea Fracchiolla et al.
    Autophagic cargo receptors recruit the E3-like enzyme for Atg8 lipid conjugation to the cargo and thereby promote local formation of Atg8-positive autophagosomal membranes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ParB spreading on DNA requires cytidine triphosphate in vitro

    Adam SB Jalal et al.
    A biochemical reconstitution shows that the accumulation of Caulobacter crescentus ParB on DNA requires cytidine triphosphate and a closed DNA substrate in vitro.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Peptidisc, a simple method for stabilizing membrane proteins in detergent-free solution

    Michael Luke Carlson et al.
    A simple, yet elegant method for robust self-assembly of diverse membrane proteins into soluble peptide nanoparticles for their structural and functional analysis in detergent-free solutions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Chd1 chromatin remodeler shifts hexasomes unidirectionally

    Robert F Levendosky et al.
    Oriented hexasomes can be generated using the Widom 601 positioning sequence, which enables straightforward production of nucleosomes with asymmetrically modified H2A/H2B dimers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of the caspase-activated protein XKR9 involved in apoptotic lipid scrambling

    Monique S Straub et al.
    The cryo-EM structures of XKR9 define the architecture and caspase-mediated activation of a protein family that is involved in the exposure of phosphatidylserine during apoptosis leading to the engulfment of apoptotic cells by macrophages.

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