1,305 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Simple biochemical features underlie transcriptional activation domain diversity and dynamic, fuzzy binding to Mediator

    Adrian L Sanborn et al.
    Transcriptional activation domains achieve rapid, dynamic, specific interaction with Mediator through binding of an unstructured peptide to multiple hydrophobic surfaces without particular amino acid side chain interactions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Concerted regulation of ISWI by an autoinhibitory domain and the H4 N-terminal tail

    Johanna Ludwigsen et al.
    The N-terminal domain of the chromatin remodeler ISWI contains previously uncharacterized conserved motifs that maintain structure, prevent ATP hydrolysis unless nucleosomes are bound, and confer H4-tail sensitivity without directly competing with the H4 tail.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and biochemical analyses of the DEAD-box ATPase Sub2 in association with THO or Yra1

    Yi Ren et al.
    Biochemical and structural analyses of a universal mRNP remodeling pathway suggest an ATPase-powered targeted deposition of export factors onto mRNP.
    1. Cell Biology

    Regulation of the PI3K pathway through a p85α monomer–homodimer equilibrium

    Lydia WT Cheung et al.
    The p85α homodimer plays a role in the PI3K pathway by regulating PTEN function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Nuclei determine the spatial origin of mitotic waves

    Felix E Nolet et al.
    Nuclei and spatial system dimensions control local concentrations of cell cycle regulators, determining the spatial origin of waves that coordinate​ DNA replication and, subsequently, cell division.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Protomer alignment modulates specificity of RNA substrate recognition by Ire1

    Weihan Li et al.
    Biochemical analysis and computational modeling reveal how cells mechanistically control the quality of their proteomes and demonstrate that the precise alignment of subunits in oligomeric complexes can profoundly affect enzymatic properties.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evidence for a DNA-relay mechanism in ParABS-mediated chromosome segregation

    Hoong Chuin Lim et al.
    In vitro, in vivo and in silico evidence suggests that bacteria exploit intrinsic chromosomal fluctuations to achieve intracellular transport.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Periodic propagating waves coordinate RhoGTPase network dynamics at the leading and trailing edges during cell migration

    Alfonso Bolado-Carrancio et al.
    Different RhoA and Rac1 dynamics at the cell front and rear are coordinated through periodic GTPase waves, which define the minimal autonomous biochemical machinery necessary and sufficient for cell migration.
    1. Medicine

    7,8-Dihydroxyflavone modulates bone formation and resorption and ameliorates ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis

    Fan Xue et al.
    In vitro and in vivo studies highlight the dual regulatory effects that 7,8-dihydroxyflavone exerts on bone formation and resorption.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.

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