3,004 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Local chromosome context is a major determinant of crossover pathway biochemistry during budding yeast meiosis

    Darpan Medhi et al.
    Different homologous recombination pathways are dominant in different regions of meiotic chromosomes, indicating that chromosome structure influences recombination biochemistry.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The endonuclease Cue2 cleaves mRNAs at stalled ribosomes during No Go Decay

    Karole N D'Orazio et al.
    Cue2 is an endonuclease that cleaves mRNA in the A site of the lagging ribosome upon ribosome collision events.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A mutation uncouples the tubulin conformational and GTPase cycles, revealing allosteric control of microtubule dynamics

    Elisabeth A Geyer et al.
    A buried mutation in αβ-tubulin reveals an allosteric response to GDP in the lattice that dictates microtubule catastrophe and shrinking.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Redox controls RecA protein activity via reversible oxidation of its methionine residues

    Camille Henry et al.
    RecA is inactivated by oxidative stress and repaired by the MsrA/B anti-ROS defense system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Total biosynthesis of the cyclic AMP booster forskolin from Coleus forskohlii

    Irini Pateraki et al.
    The entire biosynthetic pathway for the diterpenoid forskolin in Coleus forskohlii has been reconstituted in yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of a plant gene cluster in Solanaceae and emergence of metabolic diversity

    Pengxiang Fan et al.
    A nightshade family gene cluster creates phenotypic novelty in trichome defensive metabolites via evolution of lipid metabolic enzymes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dynamics at the serine loop underlie differential affinity of cryptochromes for CLOCK:BMAL1 to control circadian timing

    Jennifer L Fribourgh et al.
    The affinity of circadian repressors CRY1 and CRY2 for their cognate transcription factor CLOCK:BMAL1 is regulated by differential dynamics at the serine loop and interactions with the PER2 corepressor.
    1. Cell Biology

    QIL1 mutation causes MICOS disassembly and early onset fatal mitochondrial encephalopathy with liver disease

    Virginia Guarani et al.
    Building on previous work (Guarani et al., 2015), MICOS (mitochondrial contact site) assembly and cristae junction formation are shown to have a critical role in human health.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Casein kinase 1 dynamics underlie substrate selectivity and the PER2 circadian phosphoswitch

    Jonathan M Philpott et al.
    A conformational switch in the Casein Kinase 1 activation loop controls substrate preference to regulate the abundance of the clock protein PERIOD2 and circadian timekeeping.

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