249 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the complex transcription network controlling biofilm formation in Candida species

    Eugenio Mancera et al.
    The transcription networks controlling biofilm formation in Candida species exhibit 'structural' similarities, but show gradual substitutions of transcription regulators and frequent changes in target genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inverse regulation of Vibrio cholerae biofilm dispersal by polyamine signals

    Andrew A Bridges, Bonnie L Bassler
    The global pathogen Vibrio cholerae monitors environmental polyamines to garner information about numbers of ‘self’ versus ‘other’ in the vicinity, and in response, to remain or disperse from biofilms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An orphan cbb3-type cytochrome oxidase subunit supports Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm growth and virulence

    Jeanyoung Jo et al.
    During growth in biofilms and host infection, the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa employs respiratory heterocomplexes that support extracellular electron shuttling and pathogenicity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impaired respiration elicits SrrAB-dependent programmed cell lysis and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus

    Ameya A Mashruwala et al.
    The absence of oxygen prompts Staphylococcus aureus cells to rupture resulting in increased formation of biofilms, which are the etiological agents of recurrent infections.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanical instability and interfacial energy drive biofilm morphogenesis

    Jing Yan et al.
    Mechanical instabilities are shown to underlie the development of bacterial biofilm morphology, suggesting an ancient origin for mechano-morphogenesis, which is known to drive developmental processes in tissues in higher organisms.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flow environment and matrix structure interact to determine spatial competition in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms

    Carey D Nadell et al.
    The feedback between hydrodynamic flow conditions and biofilm spatial architecture drives competition in P. aeruginosa biofilms, and can explain variation in biofilm production observed among bacteria in natural environments.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Three-dimensional biofilm colony growth supports a mutualism involving matrix and nutrient sharing

    Heidi A Arjes et al.
    Novel high-throughput co-culture assays reveal how the spatial structure of colony biofilms provides opportunities for nutrient and matrix sharing and may drive the evolution of cooperative behaviors.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Swarming bacteria undergo localized dynamic phase transition to form stress-induced biofilms

    Iago Grobas et al.
    Collective stress response via localized dynamic phase transition turns swarming Bacillus subtilis into biofilms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis of host recognition and biofilm formation by Salmonella Saf pili

    Longhui Zeng et al.
    SafDAA-SafDAA structure and functional characterizations reveal a pili-mediated inter-cellular oligomerization mechanism for bacterial aggregation and biofilm formation in Salmonella enterica.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Biofilms deform soft surfaces and disrupt epithelia

    Alice Cont et al.
    The growth of multicellular bacterial structures called biofilms generates forces that deform soft material substrates and disrupt epithelial cell layers, potentially mechanically damaging host tissue.

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