174 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor cortex can directly drive the globus pallidus neurons in a projection neuron type-dependent manner in the rat

    Fuyuki Karube et al.
    Globus pallidus neurons projecting to the striatum are preferentially activated by direct glutamatergic innervation from the motor cortex.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Modular transcriptional programs separately define axon and dendrite connectivity

    Yerbol Z Kurmangaliyev et al.
    Diverse morphologies of Drosophila T4/T5 neuronal subtypes are defined by the modular assembly of transcriptional programs for distinct wiring features.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanisms of virus dissemination in bone marrow of HIV-1–infected humanized BLT mice

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Large-volume light microscopy combined with higher-resolution electron tomography revealed the spatial distribution of virus-producing cells and highlighted mechanisms of HIV-1 dissemination in bone marrow from a small animal model.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial survival in microscopic surface wetness

    Maor Grinberg et al.
    A new intricate reciprocity between microbiology and physics results in collective protection from desiccation through differential formation of stable microdroplets around bacterial aggregates on surfaces drying under moderate humidity.
    1. Neuroscience

    The mechanosensitive ion channel TRAAK is localized to the mammalian node of Ranvier

    Stephen G Brohawn et al.
    The mechanosensitive potassium channel TRAAK is localized to nodes of Ranvier is mammalian axons where it hyperpolarizes the resting potential and may contribute to mechanical repolarization of neurons.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary pathways to antibiotic resistance are dependent upon environmental structure and bacterial lifestyle

    Alfonso Santos-Lopez et al.
    Bacteria growing in biofilms evolve antimicrobial resistance via different pathways and generate greater genetic diversity than well-mixed populations, selecting fitter but less resistant genotypes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial Evolution: The road to resistance

    Devon M Fitzgerald
    The way that bacteria grow—either floating in liquid or attached to a surface—affects their ability to evolve antimicrobial resistance and our ability to treat infections.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Extraocular, rod-like photoreceptors in a flatworm express xenopsin photopigment

    Kate A Rawlinson et al.
    A new opsin receptor is light-sensitive and expressed in a unique type of photoreceptor in a flatworm that encloses over 400 sensory cilia within its cell membrane.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcriptome dynamics of the Myxococcus xanthus multicellular developmental program

    José Muñoz-Dorado et al.
    Investigation of global gene expression profiles during formation of the Myxococcus xanthus specialized biofilm reveals a genetic regulatory network that coordinates cell motility, differentiation, and secondary metabolite production.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neighbor predation linked to natural competence fosters the transfer of large genomic regions in Vibrio cholerae

    Noémie Matthey et al.
    Whole-genome sequencing reveals the remarkable extent of horizontally moving genetic material in naturally competent Vibrio cholerae after a prey-killing DNA acquisition process.

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