167 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Endothelial pannexin 1–TRPV4 channel signaling lowers pulmonary arterial pressure in mice

    Zdravka Daneva et al.
    Endothelial pannexin 1-P2Y2 purinergic receptor-TRPV4 channel signaling, facilitated by caveolin-1, is a novel pathway for lowering pulmonary arterial pressure.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    SUV39 SET domains mediate crosstalk of heterochromatic histone marks

    Alessandro Stirpe et al.
    Clr4, a highly conserved SUV39 histone methyltransferase, requires its SET domain to sense histone H3K14 ubiquitination in order to maintain heterochromatin and H3K9 methylation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Ancient role of sulfakinin/cholecystokinin-type signalling in inhibitory regulation of feeding processes revealed in an echinoderm

    Ana B Tinoco et al.
    Starfish feed by everting their stomach out of their mouth over prey and, interestingly, this unusual feeding mechanism is inhibited by substances similar to hormones that regulate feeding in humans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dynamically linking influenza virus infection kinetics, lung injury, inflammation, and disease severity

    Margaret A Myers et al.
    Important nonlinear links between infection, inflammation, and disease severity were revealed using experimentally validated mathematical models.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterization of cephalic and non-cephalic sensory cell types provides insight into joint photo- and mechanoreceptor evolution

    Roger Revilla-i-Domingo et al.
    Molecular, cellular and behavioral genetic approaches in Platynereis dumerilii indicate that r-Opsins can act as ancient, light-dependent modulators of mechanosensation, and suggest that light-independent mechanosensory roles of r-Opsins evolved secondarily.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Discovery and characterization of Hv1-type proton channels in reef-building corals

    Gisela Rangel-Yescas et al.
    Proton channels are present in reef-building corals and constitute important molecular players that should help understand calcification and the response of these organisms to ocean acidification.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    EPHX1 mutations cause a lipoatrophic diabetes syndrome due to impaired epoxide hydrolysis and increased cellular senescence

    Jeremie Gautheron et al.
    Disruption of epoxide hydrolysis inducing oxidative stress and cellular senescence is a novel mechanism responsible for lipoatrophic monogenic diabetes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A covariation analysis reveals elements of selectivity in quorum sensing systems

    Samantha Wellington Miranda et al.
    The extension of covariation analyses to proteins that coevolve but do not physically interact enabled identification of selectivity residues in quorum sensing proteins, providing insight into the evolution of signaling systems.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    A subset of CB002 xanthine analogs bypass p53-signaling to restore a p53 transcriptome and target an S-phase cell cycle checkpoint in tumors with mutated-p53

    Liz Hernandez Borrero et al.
    Anti-tumor properties of sub-class of xanthine analogs involve restoration of p53 pathway transcriptome, independent of p53/p73, dependent on ATF3/ATF4 and Noxa in mutated-p53 tumors and the compounds trigger an S-phase checkpoint.

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