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    1. Neuroscience

    3,6’-dithiopomalidomide reduces neural loss, inflammation, behavioral deficits in brain injury and microglial activation

    Chih-Tung Lin et al.
    The new drug 3,6’-dithiopomalidomide mitigates key markers of neuronal death and neuroinflammation and improves acute behavioral outcome measures in traumatic brain injury, a common, debilitating disorder that lacks effective treatment.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MEIS-mediated suppression of human prostate cancer growth and metastasis through HOXB13-dependent regulation of proteoglycans

    Calvin VanOpstall et al.
    The HOXB13 binding partner MEIS1 suppresses prostate cancer proliferation, invasion, and metastasis by promoting expression of the anti-oncogenic extracellular proteoglycan Decorin.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer systems immunology

    Nathan E Reticker-Flynn, Edgar G Engleman
    Cancer systems immunology is a highly interdisciplinary field that is advancing our ability to understand and predict the complex behavior that orchestrates the interplay between tumors and the immune system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Unsupervised machine learning reveals risk stratifying glioblastoma tumor cells

    Nalin Leelatian et al.
    A new automated and unsupervised algorithm, Risk Assessment Population IDentification, identifies risk-stratifying cells in single cell datasets with robust statistical and biological validation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglia TREM2R47H Alzheimer-linked variant enhances excitatory transmission and reduces LTP via increased TNF-α levels

    Siqiang Ren et al.
    Analysis of rats carrying the microglia gene and Alzheimer risk factor Trem2R47H variant shows increased glutamatergic transmission via supraphysiological TNF-α brain concentrations, linking a microglia pathogenic variant to neuronal dysfunction.
    1. Cancer Biology

    PTEN and DNA-PK determine sensitivity and recovery in response to WEE1 inhibition in human breast cancer

    Andrä Brunner et al.
    DNA-PK and PTEN protect breast cancer cells from lethal replication stress induced by the WEE1 inhibitor AZD1775 and constitute new potential biomarkers for AZD1775 sensitivity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Squalene emulsion-based vaccine adjuvants stimulate CD8 T cell, but not antibody responses, through a RIPK3-dependent pathway

    Eui Ho Kim et al.
    Experiments in mice provide insights into the immunological mechanisms of action the vaccine adjuvant MF59.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience
    Pond snail illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unlimited potential of the great pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis

    István Fodor et al.
    The great pond snail is a multipurpose model organism and a contemporary choice for addressing a wide range of biological questions, problems and phenomena in the laboratory and the field.
    1. Developmental Biology

    MicroRNA-934 is a novel primate-specific small non-coding RNA with neurogenic function during early development

    Kanella Prodromidou et al.
    Primate-specific miR-934 mediates neurogenesis and downstream neuronal differentiation processes, modulating the expression of genes associated with the subplate, a region most prominent in primates, emerging during early cortical development.