193 results found
    1. Medicine

    Coronary plaque composition influences biomechanical stress and predicts plaque rupture in a morpho-mechanic OCT analysis

    Andrea Milzi et al.
    Assessing plaque biomechanics by optical coherence tomography highlights the importance of the disrupting effects of plaque stress, bringing stress concentrations as the prime movers of plaque rupture back into clinical practice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Morphological and genomic shifts in mole-rat ‘queens’ increase fecundity but reduce skeletal integrity

    Rachel A Johnston et al.
    In cooperatively breeding Damaraland mole-rats, transitioning to 'queen' results in extensive gene regulatory and morphological remodeling, but also costs to skeletal integrity that scale with reproductive investment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A cross-sectional study of functional and metabolic changes during aging through the lifespan in male mice

    Michael A Petr et al.
    A comprehensive cross-sectional assessment reveals functional decline in mice consistent with increased energetic cost of physical activity with age through metabolic rewiring in multiple organs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    TRex, a fast multi-animal tracking system with markerless identification, and 2D estimation of posture and visual fields

    Tristan Walter, Iain D Couzin
    Being fast, memory efficient, easy to use, and with powerful integrated tools, TRex will lower barriers of entry into, and enable more ambitious approaches to, the quantitative study of behavior.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Defective apoptotic cell contractility provokes sterile inflammation, leading to liver damage and tumour suppression

    Linda Julian et al.
    In the absence of ROCK1 activation by caspases, apoptotic cells don’t undergo typical morphological changes, leading to sterile inflammation in the liver that increases tissue damage and suppresses tumor formation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    The biomechanical role of extra-axonemal structures in shaping the flagellar beat of Euglena gracilis

    Giancarlo Cicconofri et al.
    The 'spinning lasso' geometry of Euglena's beating flagellum is revealed, and a model based on the antagonistic forces exchanged by axoneme and paraflagellar rod is proposed to explain its emergence.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    How oscillating aerodynamic forces explain the timbre of the hummingbird’s hum and other animals in flapping flight

    Ben J Hightower et al.
    A first-principles acoustics model reveals how the acoustic spectrum generated by flapping wings originates from oscillating aerodynamic forces, and is validated by in vivo aerodynamic force measurements and acoustic holography.
    1. Cell Biology

    Disparate bone anabolic cues activate bone formation by regulating the rapid lysosomal degradation of sclerostin protein

    Nicole R Gould et al.
    Mechanical loading and the bone anabolic action of parathyroid hormone result in rapid, lysosomal degradation of sclerostin protein, revealing physiologically important post-translational control of this critical regulator of bone formation.
    1. Medicine

    Anti-fibrotic activity of a rho-kinase inhibitor restores outflow function and intraocular pressure homeostasis

    Guorong Li et al.
    An FDA-approved, rho-associated kinase inhibitor reverses fibrosis in the conventional outflow pathway of a mouse model of glaucoma and reverses ocular hypertension in patients with steroid glaucoma.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila uses a tripod gait across all walking speeds, and the geometry of the tripod is important for speed control

    Chanwoo Chun et al.
    Drosophila uses a gait close to the tripod throughout its speed range, and changes in speed are accompanied by changes in the geometry of the tripod.

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