53 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The solubility product extends the buffering concept to heterotypic biomolecular condensates

    Aniruddha Chattaraj et al.
    The solubility product, a thermodynamic concept classically applied to poorly soluble ionic solutes, can rationalize the concentration dependence for liquid-liquid phase separation of multicomponent multivalent molecules.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Decoding the physical principles of two-component biomolecular phase separation

    Yaojun Zhang et al.
    Phase separation of two-component multivalent systems is suppressed at rational polymer stoichiometries, suggesting possible cellular strategies for regulating the formation and function of biomolecular condensates.
    1. Cell Biology

    A quantitative inventory of yeast P body proteins reveals principles of composition and specificity

    Wenmin Xing et al.
    Quantitative analyses of yeast P bodies reveals a small number of highly concentrated proteins and many weakly concentrated proteins, suggesting that the compartments are compositionally simpler than previously thought.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Phase Separation: Restricting the sizes of condensates

    Furqan Dar, Rohit Pappu
    Computer simulations of model proteins with sticker-and-spacer architectures shed light on the formation of biomolecular condensates in cells.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A composition-dependent molecular clutch between T cell signaling condensates and actin

    Jonathon A Ditlev et al.
    Compositional changes alter actin binding by phase separated T cell signaling clusters, enabling cluster movement by distinct actin networks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Intracellular Organization: Getting ready for DNA duplication

    Nina Y Yao, Michael E O'Donnell
    The discovery of a biomolecular condensate involved in DNA replication has wide ranging implications.
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    1. Cell Biology

    In vivo reconstitution finds multivalent RNA–RNA interactions as drivers of mesh-like condensates

    Weirui Ma et al.
    Binding of a multivalent RNA-binding protein to mRNAs that are able to form pervasive RNA–RNA interactions induces formation of mesh-like condensates, whereas binding of mostly structured mRNAs induces sphere-like condensates.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Protein phase separation and its role in tumorigenesis

    Shan Jiang et al.
    The current understanding of phase separation is summarized and its emerging roles in cancer are discussed in detail.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SON and SRRM2 are essential for nuclear speckle formation

    İbrahim Avşar Ilik et al.
    Re-characterization of the targets of a commonly used nuclear speckle marker unexpectedly leads to the discovery of the elusive core of the nuclear speckles.
    1. Cell Biology

    A liquid-like organelle at the root of motile ciliopathy

    Ryan L Huizar et al.
    DynAPs reveal that biological phase separation provides the organizing principle for the complex process of dynein motor assembly in cells with motile cilia.

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