2,863 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Live imaging and biophysical modeling support a button-based mechanism of somatic homolog pairing in Drosophila

    Myron Barber Child VI et al.
    Biophysical modeling and quantitative live-cell imaging converge to show that the century-old puzzle of somatic homolog pairing in Drosophila operates via a button model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cell-scale biophysical determinants of cell competition in epithelia

    Daniel Gradeci et al.
    Mechanical competition is controlled by biophysical parameters that regulate cellular homeostatic density, while biochemical competition is regulated by parameters that influence the organisation of cells in a tissue.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the biophysical properties of neonatal auditory neurons align with synaptic contact position and the intensity coding map of inner hair cells

    Alexander L Markowitz, Radha Kalluri
    The biophysical diversity that is intrinsic to spiral ganglion neurons emerges as spatial gradients during early post-natal development and endures through subsequent maturation to likely contribute to sound intensity coding.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bayesian inference for biophysical neuron models enables stimulus optimization for retinal neuroprosthetics

    Jonathan Oesterle et al.
    Bayesian simulator-based inference is used to infer the parameters of complex multicompartment models of retinal neurons from two-photon imaging data.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Simple biophysics underpins collective conformations of the intrinsically disordered proteins of the Nuclear Pore Complex

    Andrei Vovk et al.
    Simple biophysical considerations explain the collective behavior of molecularly diverse complex protein assemblies that regulate transport between the nucleus and the cytoplasm in eukaryotic organisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biophysical models reveal the relative importance of transporter proteins and impermeant anions in chloride homeostasis

    Kira M Düsterwald et al.
    Mathematical models with experimental validation show that chloride transporters in the cell membrane, and not negatively charged impermeant molecules, generate the driving force used by GABA receptors to silence neurons.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A simple biophysical model emulates budding yeast chromosome condensation

    Tammy MK Cheng et al.
    A computational model of a yeast chromosome, based on first principles, recapitulates in vivo chromosome behavior, and thus provides unprecedented insight into what the inside of a chromosome is likely to look like.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Biochemical patterns of antibody polyreactivity revealed through a bioinformatics-based analysis of CDR loops

    Christopher T Boughter et al.
    A new software developed for high-throughput antibody, T cell receptor, and MHC repertoire analysis uncovers neutrality of the binding interface and intramolecular crosstalk as distinguishing properties of polyreactive antibodies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism for direct actin force-sensing by α-catenin

    Lin Mei et al.
    Biophysical and structural studies reveal how low piconewton forces across actin enhance binding by the critical cell-cell adhesion protein α-catenin versus its force insensitive homolog vinculin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Multivalency regulates activity in an intrinsically disordered transcription factor

    Sarah Clark et al.
    Binding of multiple LC8 copies to the intrinsically disordered region of the transcription factor ASCIZ exemplifies a new and potentially widespread molecular mechanism for negative feedback regulation.

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