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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Atypical calcium regulation of the PKD2-L1 polycystin ion channel

    Paul G DeCaen et al.
    Outward calcium ion currents desensitize the human PKD2-L1 ion channel via a mechanism that is independent of cytosolic motifs.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Tuning myosin-driven sorting on cellular actin networks

    Rizal F Hariadi et al.
    Competition between the antagonistic motor proteins myosin V and myosin VI finely tunes unidirectional transport of cargo on different actin architectures.
    1. Neuroscience

    The modulation of neural gain facilitates a transition between functional segregation and integration in the brain

    James M Shine et al.
    The flexible network architecture of the brain is sensitive to the modulation of neural gain, which may be mediated by ascending arousal nuclei, such as the noradrenergic locus coeruleus.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Building accurate sequence-to-affinity models from high-throughput in vitro protein-DNA binding data using FeatureREDUCE

    Todd R Riley et al.
    A biophysically principled algorithm can build quantitative models of protein-DNA binding specificity of unprecedented accuracy from a leading type of high-throughput in vitro binding data.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Methylation at the C-2 position of hopanoids increases rigidity in native bacterial membranes

    Chia-Hung Wu et al.
    Methylation specifically enhances the ability of hopanoids to rigidify membranes under physiologically relevant conditions, which impacts the current interpretation of the 2-methylhopane fossil record.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-wall remodeling drives engulfment during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Imaging experiments and simulations reveal that the biophysical mechanism for force generation needed to engulf a forespore is based on coordinated cell wall synthesis and degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The allosteric activation of cGAS underpins its dynamic signaling landscape

    Richard M Hooy, Jungsan Sohn
    Rigorous biophysical studies reconcile several conflicting views on how cGAS is activated, and present a new unifying allosteric activation mechanism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Implications of the differing roles of the β1 and β3 transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains for integrin function

    Zhenwei Lu et al.
    Diverse biophysical properties of β1 and β3 integrin transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains result in distinct mechanisms of integrin activation and function.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Re-examining how complexin inhibits neurotransmitter release

    Thorsten Trimbuch et al.
    Challenging a widespread model, biophysical and electrophysiological experiments suggest a new mechanism whereby complexins inhibit neurotransmitter release through electrostatic repulsion between their accessory helix and the membranes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Germline VRC01 antibody recognition of a modified clade C HIV-1 envelope trimer and a glycosylated HIV-1 gp120 core

    Andrew J Borst et al.
    An integrative structural and biophysical workflow indicates engagement of VRC01 germline antibodies can occur with a gp120 426c core construct containing all wild-type N-linked glycosylation sites, including the Asn276 glycan.