9 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Effective use of a horizontally-transferred pathway for dichloromethane catabolism requires post–transfer refinement

    Joshua K Michener et al.
    Adapting bacteria to use an introduced metabolic pathway recapitulates natural mutations and offers a novel bioremediation strategy.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: How should the applications of genome editing be assessed and regulated?

    Robin Fears, Volker ter Meulen
    An EASAC working group on genome editing recommends that regulators should focus on specific applications of these new techniques rather than attempting to regulate genome editing itself as a new technology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Anaerobic Bacteria: Solving a shuttle mystery

    Bridget Conley, Jeffrey Gralnick
    Shewanella oneidensis bacteria use an abiotic reaction to help shuttle electrons outside of the cell.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Redox-dependent rearrangements of the NiFeS cluster of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase

    Elizabeth C Wittenborn et al.
    Structural analysis reveals large-scale conformational changes in the active site metallocluster of a CO2-fixing enzyme.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A general strategy to construct small molecule biosensors in eukaryotes

    Justin Feng et al.
    A new method for developing biosensors from ligand binding domains that have concentration-dependent and selective responses to small molecules in yeast, mammalian cells and plants.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure and mechanism of a Hypr GGDEF enzyme that activates cGAMP signaling to control extracellular metal respiration

    Zachary F Hallberg et al.
    A newfound signaling enzyme that diverged from a protein family ubiquitous in bacteria provides mechanistic insights into how new signaling activity emerges to control distinct cellular function and physiology.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut and groundwater harbor non-photosynthetic bacteria belonging to a new candidate phylum sibling to Cyanobacteria

    Sara C Di Rienzi et al.
    Melainabacteria, a candidate phylum related to Cyanobacteria, has been identified in gut and sediment samples by genomic analysis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An elusive electron shuttle from a facultative anaerobe

    Emily Mevers et al.
    The identification of ACNQ as an extracellular electron shuttle solves a longstanding problem in bacterial physiology and provides new tool for bioenergy development.

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