193 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The push-to-open mechanism of the tethered mechanosensitive ion channel NompC

    Yang Wang et al.
    A pushing force on the ankyrin repeat region of NompC leads to the gating of the mechanosensitive ion channel, which may enable cells to feel compression and shrinkage.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Inbreeding in a dioecious plant has sex- and population origin-specific effects on its interactions with pollinators

    Karin Schrieber et al.
    Inbreeding compromises floral traits and reduces pollinator visitation rates disproportionally in female relative to male individuals in a dioecious plant and may thus interfere with the equilibrium of a complex co-evolutionary plant-insect relationship.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Toxoplasma TgATG9 is critical for autophagy and long-term persistence in tissue cysts

    David Smith et al.
    ATG9-dependent autophagy is an essential pathway for long-term survival within the cyst in the parasite Toxoplasma gondii and could be exploited in future studies seeking interventions against persistent Toxoplasma infection.
    1. Cell Biology

    SARS-CoV-2 requires cholesterol for viral entry and pathological syncytia formation

    David W Sanders et al.
    A high-throughput microscopy screen for drugs that modulate SARS-CoV-2 spike-mediated membrane fusion identifies an essential role for cholesterol in both virus entry and syncytia formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    An expanding manifold in transmodal regions characterizes adolescent reconfiguration of structural connectome organization

    Bo-yong Park et al.
    Manifold learning of longitudinal brain network data provides novel insights into adolescent structural connectome maturation, and how multiple scales of cortical and subcortical organization interact in typical neurodevelopment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct clonal evolution of B-cells in HIV controllers with neutralizing antibody breadth

    Deniz Cizmeci et al.
    Extended somatic hypermutation and clonal evolution associated with antibody neutralization breath in HIV controllers with low plasma viral loads provide promise for HIV vaccine development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glial insulin regulates cooperative or antagonistic Golden goal/Flamingo interactions during photoreceptor axon guidance

    Hiroki Takechi et al.
    Timely regulation of growth cone dynamics, including filopodial and cytoskeletal rearrangements through phosphorylation signals from glial cells, shapes the photoreceptor axon targeting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gap junction-mediated glycinergic inhibition ensures precise temporal patterning in vocal behavior

    Boris P Chagnaud et al.
    Inhibition provides a means for achieving temporal precision for rapid modulation of an acoustic signal in a vertebrate vocal network.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Loss of circadian protection against influenza infection in adult mice exposed to hyperoxia as neonates

    Yasmine Issah et al.
    Neonatal hyperoxia abrogates the circadian protection from influenza infection in recovered adults.
    1. Cell Biology

    Robustness of the microtubule network self-organization in epithelia

    Aleksandra Z Płochocka et al.
    Computational, theoretical, and in vivo studies reveal that in epithelia the self-organization of apical microtubules is robustly determined by cell geometry and minus-end distribution, not organism environment or genetics.

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