28 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A multidisciplinary approach to a unique palaeolithic human ichnological record from Italy (Bàsura Cave)

    Marco Romano et al.
    Traces of crawling locomotion, including children younger than 3 years old, are documented for the first time in the global human ichnological record.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Host-associated microbe PCR (hamPCR) enables convenient measurement of both microbial load and community composition

    Derek S Lundberg et al.
    hamPCR is a cost-effective and transformative amplicon sequencing strategy to describe microbiota composition and measure its overall abundance, applicable to all samples in which host and microbial DNA are co-extracted.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary routes to biochemical innovation revealed by integrative analysis of a plant-defense related specialized metabolic pathway

    Gaurav D Moghe et al.
    Integrative analysis of a specialized metabolic pathway across multiple non-model species illustrates mechanisms of emergence of chemical novelty in plant metabolism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apicomplexan-like parasites are polyphyletic and widely but selectively dependent on cryptic plastid organelles

    Jan Janouškovec et al.
    Apicomplexan-like parasites originated several times independently and many of them contain cryptic plastid organelles, which demonstrate that the parasites evolved from photosynthetic algae.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Variable opportunities for outcrossing result in hotspots of novel genetic variation in a pathogen metapopulation

    Anna-Liisa Laine et al.
    In natural pathogen populations opportunities for sexual outcrossing vary, leading to spatial variation in genetic diversity and between-season survival.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Charting the native architecture of Chlamydomonas thylakoid membranes with single-molecule precision

    Wojciech Wietrzynski et al.
    In situ cryo-electron tomography resolves individual photosynthetic complexes within native thylakoid membranes, revealing how thylakoid architecture sorts proteins into discrete membrane domains.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shank3 modulates sleep and expression of circadian transcription factors

    Ashley M Ingiosi et al.
    Shank3, a high confidence autism gene candidate, may be a key component of the mechanisms underlying sleep problems in autism.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology

    Quantitative 3D-imaging for cell biology and ecology of environmental microbial eukaryotes

    Sebastien Colin et al.
    Three-dimensional fluorescence imaging of microbial eukaryotes in environmental samples allows accurate automated taxonomic profiling and quantitative data about ultrastructures and interactions of organisms.
    1. Plant Biology

    Autophagy functions as an antiviral mechanism against geminiviruses in plants

    Yakupjan Haxim et al.
    Plant autophagy contributes to antiviral defense against geminiviruses by targeting one or more viral proteins for degradation.

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