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1,305 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular dimorphism ensured by regulated proteoglycan dynamics favors rapid umbilical artery closure at birth

    Sumeda Nandadasa et al.
    Morphologic, molecular, biomechanical and computational analyses show that the specialized extracellular matrix architecture of the umbilical artery contributes to its rapid closure at birth and regulates smooth muscle cell differentiation.
    1. Medicine

    Postnatal mechanical loading drives adaptation of tissues primarily through modulation of the non-collagenous matrix

    Danae E Zamboulis et al.
    Phase-specific mechanical and proteomic analyses reveal how tendon responds to its mechanical environment during postnatal development to meet functional requirements.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994

    Aline Jelenkovic et al.
    Genetic variance of adult human height shows a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts but heritability estimates do not present any clear pattern of secular changes over a century.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Glucocorticoid receptor-PPARα axis in fetal mouse liver prepares neonates for milk lipid catabolism

    Gianpaolo Rando et al.
    Glucocorticoid receptor directly regulates the transcriptional activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated alpha (PPARα) before birth in anticipation of the sudden shifts in the postnatal nutrient source and metabolic demands.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Developmental alterations in centrosome integrity contribute to the post-mitotic state of mammalian cardiomyocytes

    David C Zebrowski et al.
    Mammal hearts are unable to replace lost cardiomyocytes, which may be due to the loss of centrosome integrity in these cells after birth.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Coupling adaptive molecular evolution to phylodynamics using fitness-dependent birth-death models

    David A Rasmussen, Tanja Stadler
    A new model describes how adaptive molecular evolution shapes phylogenetic trees and can be used to estimate the fitness effects of mutations from phylogenies.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Towards a mechanistic foundation of evolutionary theory

    Michael Doebeli et al.
    A description of evolution that is based on birth-death processes, and in which fitness is at most a derived quantity, is advocated.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Birth order dependent growth cone segregation determines synaptic layer identity in the Drosophila visual system

    Abhishek Kulkarni et al.
    Timing in the formation of neurons influences synaptic connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Diffusion-MRI-based regional cortical microstructure at birth for predicting neurodevelopmental outcomes of 2-year-olds

    Minhui Ouyang et al.
    Diffusion-MRI-based cerebral cortical microstructure encoding regionally differential dendritic arborization and synaptic formation at birth robustly predicts future 2-year-old cognitive and language outcomes with regionally heterogeneous contribution that exhibits functional selectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchical, retinotopic proto-organization of the primate visual system at birth

    Michael J Arcaro, Margaret S Livingstone
    A retinotopic proto-organization present at birth provides the infrastructure for the subsequent development of visual cortex that commences at the onset of visual experience.

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