3,299 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The inherent mutational tolerance and antigenic evolvability of influenza hemagglutinin

    Bargavi Thyagarajan, Jesse D Bloom
    Deep mutational scanning was used to comprehensively quantify the effects of mutations to influenza hemagglutinin and shows that the virus possesses a high inherent mutational tolerance at key antigenic sites.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies

    Christopher D Pull et al.
    Upon detecting a fatal infection using chemical cues, ants puncture the cuticle of sick brood and inject antimicrobial poison that disrupts the pathogen's life cycle and prevents it from reproducing, thus protecting the colony from disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Imaging single-cell blood flow in the smallest to largest vessels in the living retina

    Aby Joseph et al.
    By using a specialized camera that corrects for eye blur, millions of single-blood-cells are imaged, and their speed measured, as they travel through the largest-to-smallest vessels of the retina.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone demethylase Lsd1 represses hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell signatures during blood cell maturation

    Marc A Kerenyi et al.
    Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (Lsd1) has an essential role during both the early and later stages of blood cell development.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Rare variants contribute disproportionately to quantitative trait variation in yeast

    Joshua S Bloom et al.
    Rare, evolutionarily recent variants have larger effect sizes and are more likely to decrease fitness, providing evidence that quantitative traits in yeast have evolved under purifying selection.
    1. Cell Biology

    Starvation-induced regulation of carbohydrate transport at the blood–brain barrier is TGF-β-signaling dependent

    Helen Hertenstein et al.
    Detailed analysis of transporter expression and glucose uptake rates shows that carbohydrate import at the blood–brain barrier is adapted via TGF-βsignaling-dependent transcriptional regulation of carbohydrate transporters to protect the brain form effects of nutrient shortage.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A single-cell survey of Drosophila blood

    Sudhir Gopal Tattikota et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing of Drosophila hemocytes in blood distinguishes various states within known blood cell types and implicates a novel role for fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling in inter-hemocyte crosstalk.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    An agnostic study of associations between ABO and RhD blood group and phenome-wide disease risk

    Torsten Dahlén et al.
    The relationship between blood groups and disease is detangled, without preconceived ideas, using population-wide data, with millions of participants and lifetime follow-up, identifying not only previously known relationships but also new insights.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Detection of human disease conditions by single-cell morpho-rheological phenotyping of blood

    Nicole Toepfner et al.
    The morphology and deformability of all blood cells can be measured continuously and with high throughput directly in whole blood without prior enrichment or separation.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Arterial smooth muscle cell PKD2 (TRPP1) channels regulate systemic blood pressure

    Simon Bulley et al.
    Arterial myocyte PKD2 channels are activated by vasoconstrictor stimuli, which increases blood pressure, are upregulated during hypertension and cell-specific knockout in vivo reduces both physiological blood pressure and hypertension.

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