1,093 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dlg1 activates beta-catenin signaling to regulate retinal angiogenesis and the blood-retina and blood-brain barriers

    Chris Cho et al.
    Discs large homologue 1 (Dlg1) activates beta-catenin (i.e., canonical Wnt) signaling in CNS endothelial cells to regulate retinal angiogenesis and the development and maintenance of the blood-brain and blood-retina barriers.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurovascular sequestration in paediatric P. falciparum malaria is visible clinically in the retina

    Valentina Barrera et al.
    Clinical, clinicopathological and image data from Malawian children shows that sequestration in P. falciparum cerebral malaria is visible clinically in the eye as orange retinal vessels and is strongly associated with death.
    1. Neuroscience

    More homogeneous capillary flow and oxygenation in deeper cortical layers correlate with increased oxygen extraction

    Baoqiang Li et al.
    Resting-state capillary blood flow and oxygenation are more homogeneous in the deeper cortical layers, underpinning an important mechanism by which the microvascular network adapts to an increased local oxidative metabolism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Beta-catenin signaling regulates barrier-specific gene expression in circumventricular organ and ocular vasculatures

    Yanshu Wang et al.
    Elevating beta-catenin signaling converts endothelial cells in typically fenestrated central nervous system vasculature to a blood-brain barrier (BBB) phenotype and promotes a BBB gene expression program and chromatin landscape.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Absence of TGFβ signaling in retinal microglia induces retinal degeneration and exacerbates choroidal neovascularization

    Wenxin Ma et al.
    TGFβ signaling to retinal microglia is central to the regulation of neuroinflammatory responses relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the developed world.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The Ca2+ transient as a feedback sensor controlling cardiomyocyte ionic conductances in mouse populations

    Colin M Rees et al.
    Feedback sensing of the intracellular calcium concentration suffices to reproduce the diversity of ionic conductances underlying normal cardiac electromechanical function in a genetically diverse population of mice.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Norrin/Frizzled4 signalling in the preneoplastic niche blocks medulloblastoma initiation

    Erin A Bassett et al.
    The earliest steps of tumor initiation in the cerebellum are regulated by critical interactions between pre-tumor cells and stromal cells, which can be manipulated by targeting the Norrin/Frizzled4 signaling axis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-induced metabolic stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells is sufficient to induce photoreceptor degeneration

    Toshihide Kurihara et al.
    Mouse models in which hypoxia can be genetically triggered in retinal pigmented epithelial cells show that hypoxia-induced metabolic stress alone can lead to photoreceptor atrophy/dysfunction.
    1. Medicine

    Direct reprogramming of human smooth muscle and vascular endothelial cells reveals defects associated with aging and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome

    Simone Bersini et al.
    Direct reprogramming of smooth muscle cells from HGPS patients revealed that BMP4 is a key contributor of vascular degeneration and might represent a new therapeutic target.
    1. Neuroscience

    An extended retinotopic map of mouse cortex

    Jun Zhuang et al.
    An expanded map of mouse cortex reveals the expansion of retinotopic organization into barrel and retrosplenial cortices.

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