4,590 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Body height in young adult men and risk of dementia later in adult life

    Terese Sara Høj Jørgensen et al.
    Taller body height in young adulthood, as marker of early-life environment, is associated with lower risk of dementia diagnosis independently of cognitive reserve and family factors shared among brothers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type-specific transcriptomics of hypothalamic energy-sensing neuron responses to weight-loss

    Fredrick E Henry et al.
    Cell type-specific transcriptomics in energy homeostasis neurons has identified hundreds of genes and multiple signaling pathways that are regulated by weight loss in mice, as well as several previously unexamined genes that can regulate appetite and body weight.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preoptic leptin signaling modulates energy balance independent of body temperature regulation

    Sangho Yu et al.
    The preoptic area (POA) regulates distinct metabolic adaptations, via leptin-dependent (fasting-induced hypometabolism and high-fat-diet-induced hypermetabolism), or leptin-independent mechanisms (temperature induced metabolic changes) and thus significantly contributes to body weight homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nutritional control of body size through FoxO-Ultraspiracle mediated ecdysone biosynthesis

    Takashi Koyama et al.
    In Drosophila melanogaster, nutrition controls body size by acting through the Forkhead Box class O (FoxO)/Ultraspiracle complex to regulate nutrition-sensitive ecdysone biosynthesis, thereby controlling the switch to stop growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Appetite controlled by a cholecystokinin nucleus of the solitary tract to hypothalamus neurocircuit

    Giuseppe D'Agostino et al.
    A novel and distinct cholecystokinin brain circuit critically modulates food intake and body weight.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body evolution demonstrates homology and divergence across Pancrustacea

    Nicholas James Strausfeld et al.
    Demonstrating extreme diversity across crustaceans while contrasting with evolutionary stability in insects, mushroom body homologues further underpin the unity of Pancrustacea and shed new light on arthropod brain evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling via Gli2 prevents obesity induced by high-fat diet in adult mice

    Yu Shi, Fanxin Long
    Targeted activation of Hedgehog signalling via Gli2 facilitated the reduction of high-fat-diet-induced obesity and improvement of whole-body glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in adult mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular resolution circuit mapping with temporal-focused excitation of soma-targeted channelrhodopsin

    Christopher A Baker et al.
    Combining spatial restriction of channelrhodopsin to the neuronal cell body with two photon excitation and calcium imaging will enable production of high resolution maps of neural circuitry.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Endothelial-specific FoxO1 depletion prevents obesity-related disorders by increasing vascular metabolism and growth

    Martina Rudnicki et al.
    Stimulation of endothelial glucose metabolism and vascular growth by genetic depletion of endothelial Foxo1 improves the whole-body response to a high-fat diet, by preserving adipose tissue functions and glucose homeostasis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterisation of molecular motions in cryo-EM single-particle data by multi-body refinement in RELION

    Takanori Nakane et al.
    Multi-body refinement in RELION allows high-resolution reconstruction and visualisation of molecular motions in cryo-EM single-particle data sets with continuous forms of structural heterogeneity.

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