3,603 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body mass index to change in obesity and underweight

    NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
    Changes in the prevalence of underweight, total obesity, and severe obesity are largely driven by shifts in the distribution of body mass index.
    1. Neuroscience

    The neuronal architecture of the mushroom body provides a logic for associative learning

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    A map of the entire array of cell types and potential projections in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain provides insights into the circuitry that supports learning of stimulus-reward and stimulus–punishment associations.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A kinematic synergy for terrestrial locomotion shared by mammals and birds

    Giovanna Catavitello et al.
    General principles of the limb segment control for terrestrial locomotion have emerged in evolution and highlight the existence of the laws of biological motion that apply to various animal species.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture of the chromatin remodeler RSC and insights into its nucleosome engagement

    Avinash B Patel et al.
    The structure of the yeast RSC complex, a member of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling family, determined by cryo-electron microscopy, reveals a conserved structural core and the mode of nucleosome engagement.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    E2F/Dp inactivation in fat body cells triggers systemic metabolic changes

    Maria Paula Zappia et al.
    The E2F/Dp transcription factors, which are key cell cycle regulators, can also mediate the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism in larva by controlling both systemic trehalose homeostasis and fat storage.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Body size-dependent energy storage causes Kleiber’s law scaling of the metabolic rate in planarians

    Albert Thommen et al.
    A combination of experimental and theoretical analysis identifies body size-dependent energy storage as the physiological cause of 3/4-power law scaling of the metabolic rate in planarians.
    1. Medicine

    TMAO, a seafood-derived molecule, produces diuresis and reduces mortality in heart failure rats

    Marta Gawrys-Kopczynska et al.
    Trimethylamine-oxide (TMAO), a molecule present in seafood, reduces mortality and exerts beneficial effects on the circulatory system in heart failure rats.
    1. Ecology

    No general relationship between mass and temperature in endothermic species

    Kristina Riemer et al.
    Data analysis of a large number of species indicates that a negative temperature-mass relationship is not common among species, which has been an ecological assumption for over a century.

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