3,769 results found
    1. Medicine

    Decreasing human body temperature in the United States since the Industrial Revolution

    Myroslava Protsiv et al.
    Since the Industrial Revolution, normal body temperature in both men and women has decreased monotonically by 0.03°C per birth decade.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct ipRGC subpopulations mediate light’s acute and circadian effects on body temperature and sleep

    Alan C Rupp et al.
    Daily fluctuations versus transient perturbations in environmental light influence behavior and physiology through distinct circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preoptic leptin signaling modulates energy balance independent of body temperature regulation

    Sangho Yu et al.
    The preoptic area (POA) regulates distinct metabolic adaptations, via leptin-dependent (fasting-induced hypometabolism and high-fat-diet-induced hypermetabolism), or leptin-independent mechanisms (temperature induced metabolic changes) and thus significantly contributes to body weight homeostasis.
    1. Ecology

    Oxygen isotopes suggest elevated thermometabolism within multiple Permo-Triassic therapsid clades

    Kévin Rey et al.
    Two therapsid clades, dicynodonts and cynodonts, independently acquired and developed an endotherm-like thermoregulation during the Late Permian period, that probably helped them to survive the major global climate and environmental fluctuations of the end-Permian.
    1. Neuroscience

    A big-data approach to understanding metabolic rate and response to obesity in laboratory mice

    June K Corrigan et al.
    The metabolic rate of mice is disproportionately affected by the site of experimentation, affecting the phenotypic interpretation of genetically modified strains.
    1. Medicine

    Cardiovascular adaptation to hypoxia and the role of peripheral resistance

    Andrew S Cowburn et al.
    Radiotelemetric and genetic studies of peripheral tissue response show that a peripheral tissue can dynamically alter cardiovascular adaptation to changes in environmental oxygen.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Peripherally administered orexin improves survival of mice with endotoxin shock

    Yasuhiro Ogawa et al.
    When the neuropeptide orexin is peripherally administered in mice with septic shock, it penetrates the blood-brain barrier and acts in the brain to improve survival through multiple autonomic and neuroendocrine pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cation channel TRPA1 tunes mosquito thermotaxis to host temperatures

    Román A Corfas, Leslie B Vosshall
    Female mosquitoes are exquisitely sensitive to human body heat, and the TRPA1 gene is required to focus their attraction toward thermal stimuli resembling warm-blooded hosts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thermoregulation: How a brain keeps its cool

    Swathi Yadlapalli, Orie T Shafer
    Temperature-sensing neurons in the Drosophila brain cooperate with the central circadian clock to help regulate body temperature.
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    1. Neuroscience

    The role of PDF neurons in setting the preferred temperature before dawn in Drosophila

    Xin Tang et al.
    In Drosophila, key neurons controlling sleep play an important role in adjusting the temperature set-point before dawn via time-dependent neuronal plasticity within the clock circuits.

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