6,495 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The mechanosensitive Piezo1 channel is required for bone formation

    Weijia Sun et al.
    Piezo1 functions as a key mechanotransducer for conferring mechanosensitivity to osteoblasts and determining mechanical-load-dependent bone formation, and represents a novel therapeutic target for treating osteoporosis or unloading-induced severe bone loss.
    1. Cell Biology

    Akt1-Inhibitor of DNA binding2 is essential for growth cone formation and axon growth and promotes central nervous system axon regeneration

    Hyo Rim Ko et al.
    Akt mediated S14 phosphorylation of Id2 augments its protein stability and growth cone localization, promoting growth cone formation and axon growth in the developing neuron and contributing to axon regeneration in the damaged hippocampus slice.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The formation of the light-sensing compartment of cone photoreceptors coincides with a transcriptional switch

    Janine M Daum et al.
    Correlating changes in structure and gene expression in cone photoreceptors of mice daily, between birth and eye opening, created a resource that supports research in photoreceptor function, development, transplantation and repair.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Activation of hedgehog signaling in mesenchymal stem cells induces cartilage and bone tumor formation via Wnt/β-Catenin

    Qi Deng et al.
    Cartilage and bone tumors arise from chondrocyte or osteoblast progenitors but not differentiated cells or multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) via the IHH-Wnt/β-Catenin pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Bone Formation: Sensing the load

    Nele Haelterman, Joohyun Lim
    How does the skeleton detect and adapt to changes in the mechanical load it has to carry?
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    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Filopodial dynamics and growth cone stabilization in Drosophila visual circuit development

    Mehmet Neset Özel et al.
    Long-term live imaging in intact developing Drosophila brains reveals a role for N-Cadherin-mediated fast filopodial dynamics and growth cone stabilization during neural circuit assembly.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Stimulation of Piezo1 by mechanical signals promotes bone anabolism

    Xuehua Li et al.
    Mechanical stimuli activate Piezo1 in osteoblast lineage cells and thereby promote bone formation in part via Wnt1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Crystallographic observation of nonenzymatic RNA primer extension

    Wen Zhang et al.
    Time resolved crystal structures reveal the binding of activated monomers to the template, followed by generation of the imidazolium-bridged dinucleotide intermediate, and finally formation of a phosphodiester bond between the primer and the adjacent monomer.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sox9+ messenger cells orchestrate large-scale skeletal regeneration in the mammalian rib

    Stephanie T Kuwahara et al.
    Large-scale skeletal regeneration requires Hh signaling in Sox9+ lineage cells to coordinate callus formation and bone repair.

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