7,074 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Computed tomography shows high fracture prevalence among physically active forager-horticulturalists with high fertility

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    High reproductive effort constrains bone tissue response to physical activity-induced mechanical loading.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Productivity loss associated with functional disability in a contemporary small-scale subsistence population

    Jonathan Stieglitz et al.
    Adult spinal fracture substantially impairs subsistence productivity, particularly for men.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Effects of lifelong testosterone exposure on health and disease using Mendelian randomization

    Pedrum Mohammadi-Shemirani et al.
    Long-term increased testosterone improved body composition and bone density, but lowered HDL and raised risks of hypertension, androgenic alopecia, prostate cancer, and spinal stenosis in males.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Genetic dissection of the Transcription Factor code controlling serial specification of muscle identities in Drosophila

    Laurence Dubois et al.
    Lineage-specific regulatory loops involving evolutionarily conserved myogenic Transcription Factors control muscle identity specification in Drosophila.
    1. Cancer Biology

    FoxA1 and FoxA2 drive gastric differentiation and suppress squamous identity in NKX2-1-negative lung cancer

    Soledad A Camolotto et al.
    Lineage specifiers FoxA1 and FoxA2 control lung cancer growth and identity by activating gastric differentiation and suppressing squamous cell carcinoma transdifferentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    A quantitative theory of gamma synchronization in macaque V1

    Eric Lowet et al.
    Gamma-band synchronization behavior in area V1 was predicted by weakly coupled oscillator principles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    TRex, a fast multi-animal tracking system with markerless identification, and 2D estimation of posture and visual fields

    Tristan Walter, Iain D Couzin
    Being fast, memory efficient, easy to use, and with powerful integrated tools, TRex will lower barriers of entry into, and enable more ambitious approaches to, the quantitative study of behavior.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A minimal self-organisation model of the Golgi apparatus

    Quentin Vagne et al.
    An unbiased model for the self-organisation of the Golgi apparatus displays either anterograde vesicular transport or cisternal maturation depending on ratios of budding, fusion and biochemical conversion rates.

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