250 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Behavioural diversity of bonobo prey preference as a potential cultural trait

    Liran Samuni et al.
    Bonobo groups that share overlapping ranging areas and engage in regular social exchange show "behavioural group identity" of hunting techniques in the absence of local ecological variation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Origin of a folded repeat protein from an intrinsically disordered ancestor

    Hongbo Zhu et al.
    Minimal changes allow an ancestral, unfolded peptide to adopt a known fold by repetition, illuminating a possible path for the emergence of folded proteins at the origin of life.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Composition and structure of synaptic ectosomes exporting antigen receptor linked to functional CD40 ligand from helper T cells

    David G Saliba et al.
    TCR and CD40L microclusters are linked in synaptic ectosomes (extracellular vesicles) and released in the immunological synapse by helper T cells and induce dendritic cell maturation and cytokine production.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Neighboring communities of bonobos hunt different prey species

    Social Learning: Does culture shape hunting behavior in bonobos?

    Andrew Whiten
    New evidence that neighboring communities of bonobos hunt different prey species, despite extensive overlaps in where they live and hunt, is difficult to explain without invoking cultural factors.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The regulation of oocyte maturation and ovulation in the closest sister group of vertebrates

    Shin Matsubara et al.
    Oocyte maturation and ovulation in the sister group of vertebrates, Ciona intestinalis Type A, are triggered by Ci-VP, the Ciona homolog of a typical neruopeptide, vasopressin.
    1. Ecology

    Algal-fungal symbiosis leads to photosynthetic mycelium

    Zhi-Yan Du et al.
    The capacity for symbiosis between photosynthetic microalgae and early diverging lineages fungi was demonstrated with microscopy and stable isotope exchange of carbon and nitrogen.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Development of Bag-1L as a therapeutic target in androgen receptor-dependent prostate cancer

    Laura Cato et al.
    Targeting the activation of the androgen receptor N-terminal domain by the cochaperone Bag-1L provides a new approach for inhibiting androgen receptor function to treat prostate cancer.
    1. Medicine
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric communication in class A β-lactamases occurs via cooperative coupling of loop dynamics

    Ioannis Galdadas et al.
    A combination of equilibrium and nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations is an effective tool to study allosteric communications in ultrafast enzymes that show little or no conformational changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding a neural circuit controlling global animal state in C. elegans

    Patrick Laurent et al.
    Sensory neurons that monitor ambient oxygen control a cascade of responses across multiple layers of interneurons to switch the global state of the nematode C. elegans, reprogramming behavior and gene expression to enable escape from or adaptation to surface exposure.

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