4,196 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Axons: The cost of communication in the brain

    Brian A MacVicar et al.
    Imaging ATP in axons reveals that they rely on glucose from the blood and lactate produced by glial cells as sources of energy.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Computational Psychiatry: Exploring atypical timescales in the brain

    Leonardo L Gollo
    Identifying activity imbalances in specific brain regions may help to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Brain Size: Gene losses did not stop the evolution of big brains

    Cristian Cañestro, Vittoria Roncalli
    Elephants and fruit bats have evolved large brains even though they have lost a gene that is fundamental to the supply of energy to the brain when glucose is not available.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Imaging: The many facets of brain aging

    Lars Nyberg, Anders Wåhlin
    Applying big-data analytic techniques to brain images from 18,707 individuals is shedding light on the influence of aging on the brain.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Autism: Exploring the social brain

    John P Welsh, Annette M Estes
    How does the brain physiology of young children with autism differ from that of typically-developing children?.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Localization of spontaneous bursting neuronal activity in the preterm human brain with simultaneous EEG-fMRI

    Tomoki Arichi et al.
    Direct measure of neural and hemodynamic activity in the developing human brain shows that the insula is a major source of transient bursting events that are critical for cortical maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of the descending pain modulatory system on infant pain-related brain activity

    Sezgi Goksan et al.
    Greater connectivity of the descending pain modulatory system network in the infant brain is associated with lower pain-related brain activity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor initiating cells induce Cxcr4-mediated infiltration of pro-tumoral macrophages into the brain

    Kelda Chia et al.
    Pre-neoplastic cells in the brain release SDF1, which mediates an immediate infiltration of macrophages that differentiate into microglia-like cells and promote proliferation of pre-neoplastic cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Brain-specific Drp1 regulates postsynaptic endocytosis and dendrite formation independently of mitochondrial division

    Kie Itoh et al.
    Genetic and cell biological analyses reveal a new role of Drp1 in postsynaptic endocytosis during brain development beyond mitochondrial division GTPase.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.

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