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    1. Neuroscience

    Preparation for upcoming attentional states in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex

    Eren Günseli, Mariam Aly
    Memory guides attention by enabling preparation for upcoming states in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Short-term modulation of the lesioned language network

    Gesa Hartwigsen et al.
    Virtual lesions of the left posterior inferior frontal gyrus in patients with lesions in the left temporo-parietal cortex disrupt phonologial decisions and lead to compensatory upregulation of the lesion homologue.
    1. Neuroscience

    In vivo assessment of the neural substrate linked with vocal imitation accuracy

    Julie Hamaide et al.
    Song learning accuracy can be predicted and traced in the structural properties of the brains of juvenile male zebra finches already at 20 days post-hatching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct neural contributions to metacognition for detecting, but not discriminating visual stimuli

    Matan Mazor et al.
    Combining psychophysics and functional MRI reveals a qualitative asymmetry in neural engagement when reflecting on whether a stimulus is seen (detection) compared to reflecting on what a stimulus is (discrimination).
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal dynamics of multi-vesicular release is determined by heterogeneity of release sites within central synapses

    Dario Maschi, Vitaly A Klyachko
    Release site heterogeneity represents a previously unknown level of structural and functional organization within individual active zones in central synapses, which determines the spatiotemporal dynamics of multi-vesicular release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience shapes activity dynamics and stimulus coding of VIP inhibitory cells

    Marina Garrett et al.
    VIP inhibitory neurons are active in response to novel images but are suppressed by familiar stimuli and show ramping activity when expected stimuli are omitted.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual cue-related activity of cells in the medial entorhinal cortex during navigation in virtual reality

    Amina A Kinkhabwala et al.
    Cue cells in the medial entorhinal cortex encode visual cues during virtual navigation, supporting the hypothesis that the brain represents visual cue information to error-correct grid cell firing during path-integration.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Integrated analysis of H2A.Z isoforms function reveals a complex interplay in gene regulation

    Assala Lamaa et al.
    The two H2A.Z isoforms have specific interactors which mediate their differential effects on gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the transcriptional diversity of genetically and anatomically defined cell populations in the mouse brain

    Ken Sugino et al.
    A transcriptome dataset of nearly 200 genetically identified mouse neuronal cell types revealed that short low-noise homeobox transcription factors and long neuronal effector genes best distinguish neuronal cell types.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse-specific opioid modulation of thalamo-cortico-striatal circuits

    William T Birdsong et al.
    By differentially modulating the two major excitatory inputs to the striatum, mu- and delta-opioid receptors regulate the balance between thalamic and cortical inputs to the striatum.