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    1. Neuroscience

    Functional MRI: Making connections in the brain

    Alex TL Leong, Ed X Wu
    Simultaneous measurements of neuronal activity and fMRI signals in the rat brain have shed new light on the origins of resting-state fMRI connectivity networks.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Modulation of GABA and resting state functional connectivity by transcranial direct current stimulation

    Velicia Bachtiar et al.
    Building on previous work (Stagg et al., 2014), it is shown that transcranial direct current stimulation modulates local GABA concentration and functional connectivity in the human motor cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early alterations of social brain networks in young children with autism

    Holger Franz Sperdin et al.
    Toddlers with autism spectrum disorders have alterations in gaze patterns together with frequency specific network atypicalities between key brain areas of the social brain when freely exploring naturalistic and ecologically valid dynamic social stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal transitions of spontaneous brain activity

    Zhiwei Ma, Nanyin Zhang
    Analysis of resting-state fMRI data revealed nonrandom temporal transitions between spontaneous brain activity patterns in both awake rats and humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal manipulation of functional connectivity in a specific neural pathway during behaviour and at rest

    Vanessa M Johnen et al.
    Functional connectivity in the human brain reflects changes in synaptic plasticity induced with repeated paired stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Roundabout receptor 2 maintains inhibitory control of the adult midbrain

    Bryan B Gore et al.
    The developmental axon guidance receptor roundabout 2 maintains inhibitory synaptic connectivity in the adult brain; demonstrating continued essential function of this receptor in regulating synaptic function in the CNS.
    1. Neuroscience

    Threat of shock increases excitability and connectivity of the intraparietal sulcus

    Nicholas L Balderston et al.
    Multimodal neuroimaging was used to study the effect of threat on spontaneous brain activity and functional connectivity, and demonstrated that threat increases both activity and connectivity of the intraparietal sulcus, a key node in the frontoparietal attention network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Externally induced frontoparietal synchronization modulates network dynamics and enhances working memory performance

    Ines R Violante et al.
    Externally induced synchronous/desynchronous oscillations during working memory performance reveal distinct patterns of brain activity and connectivity across large-scale networks recruited by the task.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep deprivation causes memory deficits by negatively impacting neuronal connectivity in hippocampal area CA1

    Robbert Havekes et al.
    The loss of neuronal connectivity in a brain region called the hippocampus significantly contributes to the cognitive impairments associated with sleep deprivation.