401 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The effect of perinatal brain injury on dopaminergic function and hippocampal volume in adult life

    Sean Froudist-Walsh et al.
    Perinatal brain injury is associated with altered dopaminergic function and reduced hippocampal volume in adulthood in humans.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Adult axolotls can regenerate original neuronal diversity in response to brain injury

    Ryoji Amamoto et al.
    Upon injury, the regeneration of the adult axolotl brain rebuilds neuronal diversity, but alters the original long-distance circuitry and tissue architecture.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Death following traumatic brain injury in Drosophila is associated with intestinal barrier dysfunction

    Rebeccah J Katzenberger et al.
    Use of a newly developed experimental model in fruit flies reveals that death following traumatic brain injury is largely due to a mechanism by which brain damage triggers disruption of the intestinal barrier, leading to elevated levels of glucose in the circulatory system with deleterious consequences.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Common resting brain dynamics indicate a possible mechanism underlying zolpidem response in severe brain injury

    Shawniqua T Williams et al.
    The therapeutic effects of the sleeping pill zolpidem in patients with disorders of consciousness may be due to recruitment of brain cells idling in abnormally low-frequency brain waves.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    MRI: Searching for epilepsy’s crystal ball

    Olli Gröhn, Alejandra Sierra
    Multi-modal MRI techniques have identified biomarkers that could help to predict whether someone will develop epilepsy.
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    1. Neuroscience

    The control of tonic pain by active relief learning

    Suyi Zhang et al.
    The brain has a central cortico-striatal learning circuit that suppresses ongoing pain after injury when actively learning about things that could remove the cause of the pain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Macro-connectomics and microstructure predict dynamic plasticity patterns in the non-human primate brain

    Sean Froudist-Walsh et al.
    Brain recovery after injury can be predicted based on its activity and structure, which may allow us to understand why some brain injuries lead to permanent loss of cognitive function, while others do not.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intracortical Microstimulation: Regaining the senses of touch and movement

    Victor de Lafuente
    Artificially activating certain neurons in the cortex can make a tetraplegic patient feel naturalistic sensations of skin pressure and arm movement.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning: The cerebellum influences vocal timing

    Court Hull
    We are starting to understand how the cerebellum contributes to vocal learning in songbirds.
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