3,812 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Brain Size: Gene losses did not stop the evolution of big brains

    Cristian Cañestro, Vittoria Roncalli
    Elephants and fruit bats have evolved large brains even though they have lost a gene that is fundamental to the supply of energy to the brain when glucose is not available.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sox1a mediates the ability of the parapineal to impart habenular left-right asymmetry

    Ingrid Lekk et al.
    The sox1a gene is required for a small group on neurons on the left side of the brain to influence the generation and left-sided character of their future synaptic partners.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Quantitative uniqueness of human brain evolution revealed through phylogenetic comparative analysis

    Ian F Miller et al.
    The exceptionally large size of the human brain is the result of accelerating evolution towards larger brains in hominins, but is not the product of neocortical expansion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar associative sensory learning defects in five mouse autism models

    Alexander D Kloth et al.
    Five mouse models of autism show deficits in delay eyeblink conditioning, a form of split-second sensory learning that involves the cerebellum, a frequent site of disruption in autistic brains.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogenesis: Delayed gratification in the adult brain

    Gerd Kempermann
    Some immature neurons in the cerebral cortex of mammals might wait for years before they become activated and finish their development.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Connectomics: Think small

    Luis A Bezares-Calderón, Gáspár Jékely
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    1. Neuroscience

    Neuromodulation: Transcranial electric stimulation seen from within the brain

    Angel V Peterchev
    Computer models can make transcranial electric stimulation a better tool for research and therapy.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Research Culture: Co-reviewing and ghostwriting by early-career researchers in the peer review of manuscripts

    Gary S McDowell et al.
    Early career researchers commonly peer review manuscripts on behalf of invited reviewers, often without receiving feedback or being named to the journal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain Evolution: Adaptations to extreme conditions

    Barbara S Beltz
    The brain architecture of shrimp living in deep-sea vents provides clues to how these organisms have adapted to extreme living.
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