346 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Autophagy inhibition overcomes multiple mechanisms of resistance to BRAF inhibition in brain tumors

    Jean M Mulcahy Levy et al.
    Pre-clinical and patient data show that inhibition of autophagy with an approved, inexpensive, well-tolerated drug can overcome resistance to BRAFV600E inhibition in multiple brain tumor subtypes with different resistance mechanisms.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor initiating cells induce Cxcr4-mediated infiltration of pro-tumoral macrophages into the brain

    Kelda Chia et al.
    Pre-neoplastic cells in the brain release SDF1, which mediates an immediate infiltration of macrophages that differentiate into microglia-like cells and promote proliferation of pre-neoplastic cells.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The retromer complex safeguards against neural progenitor-derived tumorigenesis by regulating Notch receptor trafficking

    Bo Li et al.
    The retromer complex serves as a bomb squad to retrieve and disarm the potentially harmful pool of Notch receptors in a timely manner and thereby safeguards against brain tumor formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rules and mechanisms for efficient two-stage learning in neural circuits

    Tiberiu Teşileanu et al.
    Teaching signals from "tutor" brain areas should be adapted to the plasticity mechanisms in "student" areas to achieve efficient learning in two-stage systems such as the vocal control circuit of the songbird.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Distinct and separable roles for EZH2 in neurogenic astroglia

    William W Hwang et al.
    A number of genes associated with the development of brain tumors are epigenetically repressed in specialized astrocytes to enable the production of neurons in the postnatal brain.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Drosophila Sp8 transcription factor Buttonhead prevents premature differentiation of intermediate neural progenitors

    Yonggang Xie et al.
    The Drosophila equivalent of the human transcription factor Sp8 acts to ensure that neural progenitor cells undergo an appropriate number of cell divisions, thereby helping to regulate brain development and guard against tumor formation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The asymmetrically segregating lncRNA cherub is required for transforming stem cells into malignant cells

    Lisa Landskron et al.
    Genetic analyses uncovered that the asymmetrically long non-coding RNA cherub is required for brain tumor growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Environmental stimuli shape microglial plasticity in glioma

    Stefano Garofalo et al.
    The microenvironment of brain tumors can be modulated by in vivo conditions that change the brain levels of BDNF and IL-15, with effects on innate immune cell activation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    MRI: Searching for epilepsy’s crystal ball

    Olli Gröhn, Alejandra Sierra
    Multi-modal MRI techniques have identified biomarkers that could help to predict whether someone will develop epilepsy.
    Insight
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