748 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Autophagy inhibition overcomes multiple mechanisms of resistance to BRAF inhibition in brain tumors

    Jean M Mulcahy Levy et al.
    Pre-clinical and patient data show that inhibition of autophagy with an approved, inexpensive, well-tolerated drug can overcome resistance to BRAFV600E inhibition in multiple brain tumor subtypes with different resistance mechanisms.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor initiating cells induce Cxcr4-mediated infiltration of pro-tumoral macrophages into the brain

    Kelda Chia et al.
    Pre-neoplastic cells in the brain release SDF1, which mediates an immediate infiltration of macrophages that differentiate into microglia-like cells and promote proliferation of pre-neoplastic cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Brain tumours repurpose endogenous neuron to microglia signalling mechanisms to promote their own proliferation

    Kelda Chia et al.
    P2ry12-mediated microglial interactions stimulate the proliferation of brain tumour initiating cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Neural stem cell temporal patterning and brain tumour growth rely on oxidative phosphorylation

    Jelle van den Ameele, Andrea H Brand
    Mitochondrial dysfunction in neural stem cells and brain tumour cells decreases proliferation and affects the generation of neuronal diversity and tumour heterogeneity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Rescue of cognitive function following fractionated brain irradiation in a novel preclinical glioma model

    Xi Feng et al.
    Whole-brain radiotherapy, but not glioma growth in distal region from the hippocampus, results in impaired recognition memory, which can be prevented by CSF-1R inhibitor-mediated microglia depletion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Correlated magnetic resonance imaging and ultramicroscopy (MR-UM) is a tool kit to assess the dynamics of glioma angiogenesis

    Michael O Breckwoldt et al.
    Correlated magnetic resonance imaging and ultramicroscopy resolves macro- and microvasculature in glioma models and allows treatment monitoring of antiangiogenic therapy.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Inactivation of the ATMIN/ATM pathway protects against glioblastoma formation

    Sophia M Blake et al.
    Deletion of the ATM cofactor ATMIN reduces PDGFRA expression and strongly suppresses tumorigenesis in a TP53-deficient mouse model of glioblastoma.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Norrin/Frizzled4 signalling in the preneoplastic niche blocks medulloblastoma initiation

    Erin A Bassett et al.
    The earliest steps of tumor initiation in the cerebellum are regulated by critical interactions between pre-tumor cells and stromal cells, which can be manipulated by targeting the Norrin/Frizzled4 signaling axis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Cancer Biology

    Loss of the multifunctional RNA-binding protein RBM47 as a source of selectable metastatic traits in breast cancer

    Sakari Vanharanta et al.
    Inactivation of a multifunctional RNA-binding protein can lead to the acquisition of pro-metastatic phenotypes, possibly by stabilizing large-scale transcriptomic changes that provide a selective advantage during cancer progression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sparse recurrent excitatory connectivity in the microcircuit of the adult mouse and human cortex

    Stephanie C Seeman et al.
    A high-throughput pipeline for the characterization of cortical connectivity in mouse and human cortex.

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