31 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Biochemical reconstitution of branching microtubule nucleation

    Raymundo Alfaro-Aco et al.
    The protein TPX2 and the protein complex augmin together recruit the microtubule nucleator γ-TuRC to a pre-existing microtubule where they initiate branching microtubule nucleation.
    1. Cell Biology

    In vitro reconstitution of branching microtubule nucleation

    Ammarah Tariq et al.
    Purification of two conserved protein complexes, the γ-TuRC and Augmin, using a simple affinity technique, demonstrates that they are necessary and sufficient for the essential phenomenon of branching microtubule nucleation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatiotemporal organization of branched microtubule networks

    Akanksha Thawani et al.
    A sequential reaction pathway involving TPX2, augmin and γ-TuRC governs the assembly and architecture of branched microtubule networks.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Cell Biology

    Actin assembly ruptures the nuclear envelope by prying the lamina away from nuclear pores and nuclear membranes in starfish oocytes

    Natalia Wesolowska et al.
    Combined light and electron microscopy reveals a new function for Arp2/3-mediated actin assembly in nuclear envelope rupture, which leads to a separation of nuclear membranes and pores from the lamina.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microtubules originate asymmetrically at the somatic golgi and are guided via Kinesin2 to maintain polarity within neurons

    Amrita Mukherjee et al.
    The somatic Golgi acts as an asymmetric MTOC within Drosophila neurons, and this, together with the action Kinesin-2, helps maintain minus-end-out microtubule polarity with proximal dendrites.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Growth cone-localized microtubule organizing center establishes microtubule orientation in dendrites

    Xing Liang et al.
    In Caenorhabditis elegans, dendrites establish their unique microtubule polarity by localizing an organizing center behind the growing tip.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Orchestration of microtubules and the actin cytoskeleton in trichome cell shape determination by a plant-unique kinesin

    Juan Tian et al.
    Kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein integrates microtubules and F-actin to assemble the cytoskeletal configuration needed for trichome formation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Autocatalytic microtubule nucleation determines the size and mass of Xenopus laevis egg extract spindles

    Franziska Decker et al.
    Quantitative microscopy and theory show that the size of Xenopus laevis egg extract spindles is controlled by a spatially-regulated autocatalytic growth mechanism driven by microtubule-stimulated microtubule nucleation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    LINKIN, a new transmembrane protein necessary for cell adhesion

    Mihoko Kato et al.
    LINKIN and three of its interactors-RUVBL1, RUVBL2, and α-tubulin-are required for cells to migrate together during organogenesis.

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