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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Metabolic co-dependence drives the evolutionarily ancient Hydra–Chlorella symbiosis

    Mayuko Hamada et al.
    The symbiotic relationship between Hydra and Chlorella is driven by metabolic co-dependence and characterized by changes in the photobiont genome in terms of lack of genes essential in free-living algae.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Gene family innovation, conservation and loss on the animal stem lineage

    Daniel J Richter et al.
    The genomes of animal progenitors evolved as mosaics of old, new, rearranged, and repurposed protein domains, genes and pathways and paved the way for the origin and evolution of animals.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A K+-selective CNG channel orchestrates Ca2+ signalling in zebrafish sperm

    Sylvia Fechner et al.
    Zebrafish sperm display an unusual pathway for Ca2+ signalling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Discovery of a metabolic alternative to the classical mevalonate pathway

    Nikki Dellas et al.
    A combination of phylogenetic and biochemical analyses suggest that some unexpected variations in the synthesis of isoprenoids may be widespread across all three domains of life.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Wnt/β-catenin signaling is an evolutionarily conserved determinant of chordate dorsal organizer

    Iryna Kozmikova, Zbynek Kozmik
    Wnt/beta-catenin signaling is essential for the specification of dorsal cell fate in amphioxus, suggesting a common evolutionary origin for the formation of the dorsal organizer in chordates.