6,354 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Non-enzymatic primer extension with strand displacement

    Lijun Zhou et al.
    Relying on RNA fragments derived from degradation or partial template copying, non-enzymatic primer extension with strand displacement offers a novel and prebiotically plausible approach to RNA self-replication.
    1. Neuroscience

    A projection specific logic to sampling visual inputs in mouse superior colliculus

    Katja Reinhard et al.
    Transsynaptic viral tracing reveals that neurons in the superior colliculus employ projection specific rules to the sampling of retinal inputs, directing distinct visual features to different downstream targets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A microtranslatome coordinately regulates sodium and potassium currents in the human heart

    Catherine A Eichel et al.
    Association of mRNA in discrete, cotranslational complexes regulates currents controlling excitability in human cardiomyocytes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Selection on mutators is not frequency-dependent

    Yevgeniy Raynes, Daniel Weinreich
    Contrary to intuition that the evolutionary fate of mutation rate modifying alleles is frequency-dependent, neither the strength nor the sign of selection on modifiers depends on initial frequency.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perinatal hormones favor CC17 group B Streptococcus intestinal translocation through M cells and hypervirulence in neonates

    Constantin Hays et al.
    Hormonal concentrations found in over 7-day-old neonates favor CC17 GBS invasiveness in a process linked to intestinal M cells maturation and mediated by the CC17 GBS surface protein Srr2.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Drosophila macrophages switch to aerobic glycolysis to mount effective antibacterial defense

    Gabriela Krejčová et al.
    Activated Drosophila macrophages undergo transient metabolic remodeling towards Hypoxia inducible factor 1 α-driven aerobic glycolysis, a program that induces systemic metabolic changes and is crucial for resistance to infection.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Chromatinization of Escherichia coli with archaeal histones

    Maria Rojec et al.
    Escherichia coli is surprisingly tolerant to chromatinization by archaeal histones, suggesting that histones can become established as ubiquitous chromatin proteins without interfering critically with some key DNA-templated processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Seasonal plasticity in GABAA signaling is necessary for restoring phase synchrony in the master circadian clock network

    Kayla E Rohr et al.
    A seasonal switch to excitatory GABAA signaling dictates how daily clock neurons interact to encode environmental change.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor cortex can directly drive the globus pallidus neurons in a projection neuron type-dependent manner in the rat

    Fuyuki Karube et al.
    Globus pallidus neurons projecting to the striatum are preferentially activated by direct glutamatergic innervation from the motor cortex.

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